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Blood glucose monitoring

Blood glucose monitoring

FreeStyle Libre Bkood hat mit seinen zahlreichen Secure website hosting bereits viele Menschen mit Diabetes Teeth grinding herkömmlichen Messverfahren BGM sowie monitoirng kontinuierlichen Glukosemesssystemen CGM überzeugt. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for Gucose disease? It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient's specific and unique circumstances. See "Patient education: Hypoglycemia low blood glucose in people with diabetes Beyond the Basics ".

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How To Test Blood Sugar - How To Use Glucometer - How To Check Blood Glucose - (2018) Regular Herbal remedies for asthma sugar monitoring is the most important thing you can glucosd to Blood glucose monitoring type 1 Blood glucose monitoring type 2 diabetes. With this information, you can work glcose your health care team Monitkring make decisions about your best diabetes monitpring plan. These decisions can help delay or prevent diabetes complications such as heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation. Your doctor will tell you when and how often to check your blood sugar levels. Most blood sugar meters allow you to save your results and you can use an app on your cell phone to track your levels. You should bring your meter, phone, or paper record with you each time you visit your health care provider.

Blood glucose monitoring -

There are several main ways to test your blood sugar. You can use a device that measures your sugar levels throughout the day and night with a tiny sensor. This is called a continuous glucose monitor CGM. Or you can test yourself as needed with a portable electronic device that uses a small drop of blood.

This is called a blood sugar meter. Your healthcare professional can tell you how often to check your blood sugar levels. Usually, the answer depends on the type of diabetes you have and your treatment plan. Your healthcare professional may suggest a CGM or blood sugar testing 4 to 10 times a day if you have type 1 diabetes.

You may need to test:. If you take insulin to manage type 2 diabetes, your healthcare professional might recommend a CGM. Or you may need blood sugar testing several times a day.

The exact number of times depends on the type and amount of insulin you use. Often, testing is advised before meals and at bedtime if you take more than one shot of insulin a day. You may need to test only before breakfast and sometimes before dinner or at bedtime if you use an intermediate- or a long-acting insulin.

You might not need to test your blood sugar every day if you manage type 2 diabetes with medicines that are not insulin. You also might not need to test daily if you manage the condition with diet and exercise alone.

A continuous glucose monitor, on the left, is a device that measures your blood sugar every few minutes using a sensor inserted under the skin. An insulin pump, attached to the pocket, is a device that's worn outside of the body with a tube that connects the reservoir of insulin to a catheter inserted under the skin of the abdomen.

Insulin pumps are programmed to deliver specific amounts of insulin automatically and when you eat. People living with diabetes may choose to use CGMs , especially people who have type 1 diabetes.

CGMs measure blood sugar every few minutes. They use a device placed on the skin along with a sensor placed under the skin. These disposable sensors last for 10 days to two weeks before they need to be changed. Other types of implanted sensors can last up to 6 months.

CGMs include a wireless device worn on the body called a transmitter. The transmitter sends information from the sensor to a program that lets you view your blood sugar level. The program is viewed on a receiver, a smartphone or an insulin pump. Some CGMs show your blood sugar reading at all times.

They often include an alarm that goes off if your blood sugar goes up or down too quickly. Other CGMs require that you check your blood sugar by running the receiver over the sensor.

You may need to do this every few hours. Some people have to do it more often. With some CGMs , you still need to do finger-stick blood tests. These tests set the CGM. This is called calibration. The finger-stick blood tests also help keep the CGM readings precise.

Check your device's user's guide to learn if you need to do finger-stick blood tests, and if so, how often. Wine might make some CGM readings less precise. Some medicines also can have an effect on the readings, especially when used with older CGMs.

Medicines that may affect blood sugar readings include:. Readings on newer CGMs don't seem to be affected by standard doses of acetaminophen — up to 1, milligrams for an adult. Newer CGM readings also don't appear to be affected by ascorbic acid supplements that are less than milligrams.

If you need to take medicines that may affect the accuracy of the readings, check the package insert that comes with the sensor.

Or talk to your healthcare professional. You may be told to double-check your CGM results with a standard blood sugar meter. Check with your healthcare professional about using a CGM if you are:.

These conditions may affect the blood sugar readings from a CGM. Ask your healthcare team what the right blood sugar range is for you. Your healthcare professional works with you to set target blood-sugar test results based on factors that include:.

The American Diabetes Association ADA tends to recommend the following target blood sugar levels. These targets are for most of the healthy people with diabetes who take medicines:. But the ADA notes that these goals often vary. Your goals depend on your age and your health.

Tell your healthcare professional if your blood sugar is often higher or lower than your target range. A blood sugar meter is used to test blood sugar. The meter measures the amount of sugar in a small sample of blood.

Most often, the blood comes from the side of the fingertip. Then the blood is placed on a disposable test strip. With certain CGMs , you still may need a blood sugar meter to set your CGM device daily.

Your healthcare professional or a certified diabetes care and education specialist can recommend a CGM device for you. They also can help you learn how to use your meter. Follow the instructions that come with your blood sugar meter. In general, here's how the process works:.

Some meters can test blood taken from another body part such as the forearm or palm. But these readings may not be as accurate as readings from the fingertips, especially after a meal or during exercise. Blood sugar levels change more often at these times. Using a body part other than the fingertips is not recommended when you set a CGM.

That process also is called calibrating. Talk with your healthcare professional about how often you need to record your blood sugar results. The readings given by many devices can be sent to a computer or smart device.

Bring your record of results with you to checkups with your healthcare professional. Ask what steps to take if you often get results that don't fall within the range of your target goals. There is a problem with information submitted for this request.

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Appointments at Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota and at Mayo Clinic Health System locations. Request Appointment. Blood sugar testing: Why, when and how. Products and services. Blood sugar testing: Why, when and how Blood sugar testing is an important part of diabetes care.

By Mayo Clinic Staff. Enlarge image Close. Continuous glucose monitor and insulin pump A continuous glucose monitor, on the left, is a device that measures your blood sugar every few minutes using a sensor inserted under the skin.

Thank you for subscribing! Sorry something went wrong with your subscription Please, try again in a couple of minutes Retry. Show references American Diabetes Association. Glycemic targets: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Diabetes Care.

Managing diabetes. Low blood sugar also called hypoglycemia has many causes, including missing a meal, taking too much insulin, taking other diabetes medicines, exercising more than normal, and drinking alcohol. Know what your individual symptoms are so you can catch low blood sugar early and treat it.

Low blood sugar can be dangerous and should be treated as soon as possible. Driving with low blood sugar can be dangerous, so be sure to check your blood sugar before you get behind the wheel. Carry supplies for treating low blood sugar with you.

If you feel shaky, sweaty, or very hungry or have other symptoms, check your blood sugar. Wait for 15 minutes and then check your blood sugar again. If you have problems with low blood sugar, ask your doctor if your treatment plan needs to be changed. Many things can cause high blood sugar hyperglycemia , including being sick, being stressed, eating more than planned, and not giving yourself enough insulin.

Over time, high blood sugar can lead to long-term, serious health problems. Symptoms of high blood sugar include:. If you get sick , your blood sugar can be hard to manage. You may not be able to eat or drink as much as usual, which can affect blood sugar levels.

High ketones can be an early sign of diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency and needs to be treated immediately. Ketones are a kind of fuel produced when fat is broken down for energy.

When too many ketones are produced too fast, they can build up in your body and cause diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA. DKA is very serious and can cause a coma or even death. Common symptoms of DKA include:. If you think you may have DKA, test your urine for ketones. Follow the test kit directions, checking the color of the test strip against the color chart in the kit to see your ketone level.

If your ketones are high, call your health care provider right away. DKA requires treatment in a hospital. Talk to your doctor about how to keep your blood sugar levels within your target range. Your doctor may suggest the following:.

Carbs in food make your blood sugar levels go higher after you eat them than when you eat proteins or fats. You can still eat carbs if you have diabetes. The amount you can have and stay in your target blood sugar range depends on your age, weight, activity level, and other factors.

Counting carbs in foods and drinks is an important tool for managing blood sugar levels. Make sure to talk to your health care team about the best carb goals for you. The A1C test is a simple blood test that measures your average blood sugar levels over the past 2 or 3 months.

A1C testing is part of the ABCs of diabetes—important steps you can take to prevent or delay health complications down the road:. Work with your doctor to establish a personal A1C goal for you. Eating a healthy diet with plenty of fruit and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight , and getting regular physical activity can all help.

Other tips include:.

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