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Holistic herbs for hypertension control

Holistic herbs for hypertension control

Financial Assistance Hypertensiob — Arizona. New perspectives on how to discover drugs from herbal medicines: CAM's outstanding contribution to modern therapeutics. Mokhtari-Zaer, A. Holistic herbs for hypertension control


Just 1 Herb To Cure High Blood Pressure - 3 Ways To Treat High Blood Pressure

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Each cigarette you hypertendion temporarily raises blood pressure for several minutes after you finish. If you smoke regularly, your blood pressure can stay elevated for extended periods of time. People with high blood pressure who smoke are at greater risk for developing dangerously high blood pressure, heart attackand stroke.

Even secondhand smoke can put you at increased risk for high blood pressure and heart disease. Aside from providing numerous other health benefitsquitting smoking can help your blood pressure return to normal. Visit our smoking cessation center to take steps to quit today.

Enjoying a glass of red wine with your dinner is perfectly fine. In fact, red wine might even be beneficial for heart health when consumed in moderation. However, drinking excessive amounts of alcohol can lead to lots of health issues, including high blood pressure.

What does drinking in moderation mean? The AHA recommends that men limit their consumption to two alcoholic drinks per day. Women should limit their intake to one alcoholic drink per day. Stress can temporarily raise your blood pressure. Too much of it can keep your pressure up for extended periods of time.

It helps to identify the trigger for your stress. It may be your job, relationship, or finances. Once you know the source of your stress, you can try to find ways to fix the problem. You can also take steps to relieve your stress in a healthy way. Try taking a few deep breaths, meditating, or practicing yoga.

When left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to serious health complications, including stroke, heart attack, and kidney damage. Regular visits to a doctor can help you monitor and control your blood pressure.

Your treatment plan might include medication, lifestyle changes, or a combination of therapies. Taking the above steps can help bring your numbers down, too. Staying active, decreasing salt intake, and making other dietary changes may lower blood pressure even more.

Several factors can contribute to high blood pressure, including inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, and a high sodium diet. Staying active, moderating your alcohol intake, and limiting your consumption of processed foods and other high sodium ingredients may be beneficial.

Some research suggests that dehydration could contribute to high blood pressure levels by impairing the function of the blood vessels. Therefore, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day could be beneficial.

According to the Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticsmen typically need around 13 cups of water per day while women require approximately 9 cups. However, this amount can vary depending on many factors, including your age, health status, and activity level.

Instead, you should develop a treatment plan with a doctor to reduce blood pressure levels in the long term, which may involve making changes to your diet, exercise routine, and lifestyle. High blood pressure is a serious condition that can cause long lasting damage to the heart and blood vessels over time.

There are several home remedies that can help manage high blood pressure levels, including reducing your sodium intake, staying active, decreasing stress levels, and limiting your intake of alcohol. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, be sure to work with a healthcare professional to develop a treatment plan based on your needs.

I appreciate the home remedies that help the medicine do its work effectively. Getting a good amount of fiber in my diet also seems to help. We encourage our readers to share their unique experiences to create a helpful and informative community here on Healthline.

Our editors will also review every comment before publishing, ensuring our high level of medical integrity. Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available.

VIEW ALL HISTORY. Foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium can help lower blood pressure. Take a look at our list and see which ones you'd like to add…. Several herbs may help lower high blood pressure.

Learn more about good herbs for hypertension, from basil to hawthorn. Learn about the symptoms of high blood pressure in women and what to do about it. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can have many damaging effects on the body.

Learn about these effects and why it's important to manage…. High blood pressure readings are different for adults, children, and pregnant women.

Learn which levels constitute high blood pressure for these…. But what's normal and what do the numbers mean? High blood pressure is often associated with few or no symptoms. Many people have it for years without knowing it. Learn more. In a study of older adults living in long-term care, researchers randomly assigned facilities to use either a potassium-rich salt substitute or….

A Quiz for Teens Are You a Workaholic? How Well Do You Sleep? Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect. Medically reviewed by Jenneh Rishe, RN — By Laura A. Magnifico — Updated on September 9, Exercise Diet Reduce salt Maintain a moderate weight Quit smoking Limit alcohol Reduce stress Risks FAQs Takeaway Comments.

What is high blood pressure? Get moving. Follow the DASH diet. Limit salt. Maintain a moderate weight. If you smoke, consider quitting.

Limit alcohol. Reduce stress. The risks of high blood pressure. Frequently asked questions. How we reviewed this article: Comments.

: Holistic herbs for hypertension control

2. Reduce salt intake

Nitric oxide is a chemical compound that helps blood vessels relax and dilate. However, human studies are still limited in this area. More human studies are needed. Bacopa monnieri is an herb that grows in marshy areas in South Asia.

Practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine use it to treat various ailments, including anxiety , memory issues, and high blood pressure. In animal studies , Bacopa monnieri helped lower both systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels by stimulating blood vessels to release nitric oxide.

A week human study in 54 healthy adults looked at the effects of Bacopa monnieri on memory, anxiety, depression, and blood pressure.

While the herb improved most mental aspects, it did not affect blood pressure You can buy Bacopa monnieri from health food stores and online. Animal research suggests the herb Bacopa monnieri may help blood vessels dilate and relax, lowering blood pressure. However, human research is conflicting and limited.

A number of herbs have been shown to help reduce high blood pressure. This includes basil, cardamom, and celery seeds While herbal remedies can help lower high blood pressure, medications are more likely to have a faster effect.

This includes diuretics, calcium channel blockers, and others. Making lifestyle changes can also help An evaluation with your doctor can help point you to the right course of treatment for you. Learn more about treatment for high blood pressure.

Beverages that may help lower your blood pressure include beet juice, tomato juice, tea, and skim milk. High blood pressure is the most common, preventable risk factor for heart disease.

It affects nearly half of all American adults. The best way to manage high blood pressure is through a combination of the right medications, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and engaging in healthy lifestyle behaviors.

That said, there are several promising herbs and spices you can incorporate into your diet that may help lower your blood pressure. Keep in mind that many herbs and spices may interact with common blood thinner medications, and many extracts and supplements discussed above lack sufficient safety research.

Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available.

VIEW ALL HISTORY. If left untreated, high blood pressure may lead to heart failure. We show you how to lower your blood pressure using diet, supplements, exercise, and….

In order to lower diastolic blood pressure, you have to lower your overall blood pressure. Both lifestyle and medication treatment options can help…. Foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium can help lower blood pressure.

Take a look at our list and see which ones you'd like to add…. Maintaining optimal levels of nitric oxide in your body is essential for your overall health. This article reviews the top 5 ways to increase your…. This article tells you whether…. The DASH diet is often recommended to treat high blood pressure.

Here is a detailed overview of what it is, who should try it and how to do it. Official sodium recommendations have been controversial. This article explains the importance of sodium, potential risks of over- or underconsumption…. While they're not typically able to prescribe, nutritionists can still benefits your overall health.

Let's look at benefits, limitations, and more. A new study found that healthy lifestyle choices — including being physically active, eating well, avoiding smoking and limiting alcohol consumption —…. Carb counting is complicated. Take the quiz and test your knowledge!

A Quiz for Teens Are You a Workaholic? How Well Do You Sleep? Health Conditions Discover Plan Connect. Nutrition Evidence Based 10 Herbs That May Help Lower High Blood Pressure.

Medically reviewed by Katherine Marengo LDN, R. Celery seeds. Bacopa monnieri. Frequently asked questions. The bottom line. How we reviewed this article: History. Jan 11, Written By Ryan Raman. May 26, Medically Reviewed By Katherine Marengo, LDN, RD.

Share this article. Read this next. How to Reduce Your High Blood Pressure and Take Down Hypertension. Medically reviewed by Judith Marcin, M.

Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M. Medically reviewed by Natalie Butler, R. By Gavin Van De Walle, MS, RD. How Does Coffee Affect Your Blood Pressure?

By Ansley Hill, RD, LD. How Much Sodium Should You Have per Day? How Nutritionists Can Help You Manage Your Health. Medically reviewed by Kathy W. Warwick, R. paniculata has been part of eastern and southeastern Asian traditional medicine as a treatment for cold, CVDs Awang et al.

It has been shown to possess anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory Awang et al. Several hypotensive labdane-type diterpenoid compounds have been identified in Andrographis paniculatia extracts. These include andrographolide, deoxy,didehydroandrographolide and deoxyandrographolide Awang et al.

However, no clinical trials have yet been conducted using A. Treatments with extracts of A. paniculata decrease ACE and ROS activities in spontaneously hypertensive rats SHR leading to a decrease in BP Zhang and Tan, ; Table 1.

Moreover, crude extracts with high content of deoxy,didehydroandrographolide induced dramatic hypotensive effects Awang et al. This was apparently due to increased NO release which consequently induced vasodilation Awang et al. In addition to its antioxidant Lobo et al.

Other reports also indicate that A. paniculata exhibits anti-inflammatory activities in natriuretic peptide receptor-A Npr1 -gene knockout mice Das et al.

The hypotensive effect of celery has been reported in in vivo animal studies. Hexanic extract was by far the more potent in lowering BP in comparison to other solvent extracts.

This was explained by greater retention of n-butylphthalide, which has been identified as the source of celery's flavor and aromatic odor Moghadam et al. Similarly, this phthalide was reported to decrease BP in another animal model of hypertension SHRs; Tsi and Tan, Apigenin, a flavone isolate of A.

The inhibition of calcium entry from extracellular sources was also responsible for apigenin-dependent relaxation of noradrenaline-preconstricted rat isolated aorta. This action was not influenced by either methylene blue, endothelial denudation, indomethacin, nifedipine, or caffeine, and the concentration of intracellular signaling molecules cAMP, cGMP, and inositol monophosphate were unaltered Ko et al.

Importantly, extracts and constituents of celery have been reported to lower arterial pressure in humans, possibly by lowering levels of circulating catecholamines and decreasing vascular resistance Houston, Interestingly, this herb can reduce oxidative stress by virtue of its flavonoid content that potentiates antioxidant mechanisms Popovic et al.

This plant belongs to the family Asteraceae and has several common names: beggar's tick, black-jack, and broom stick. In addition to exhibiting antihypertensive effects, B. pilosa also possesses anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-malarial, and anti-obesity properties Bartolome et al.

As of yet, no clinical trials have determined the potential effect of this plant on hypertension. However, extracts of its leaves were able to prevent and attenuate high blood pressure in different hypertensive rat models SHRs and fructose-fed hypertensive rats as well as normotensive Wistar rats Dimo et al.

Using the same animal model, it was also shown that a 3-week treatment with aqueous and methylene chloride extracts of B. pilosa can prevent fructose-induced hypertension Dimo et al. There are conflicting reports regarding B.

piloas 's effect on insulin sensitivity, with some studies showing improvement in insulin sensitivity Dimo et al. However, there is a definite agreement on its vasorelaxant responses Dimo et al. Cumulative doses of a neutral extract of B. pilosa with an optimum concentration of 0. The mechanism of vasodilation has not been completely deciphered.

It appears to be independent of ATP-sensitive potassium channels, but possibly involves a calcium channel antagonism and cyclooxygenase metabolite Nguelefack et al.

Importantly, the crude extract, its fractions or the isolated phytochemicals of B. pilosa have been reported to display radical scavenging ability Bartolome et al.

Two of these compounds, luteolin a flavonoid and ethyl caffeate ester of hydroxycinnamic acid , exhibit potent anti-inflammatory activities. For example, luteolin blocked the effects of inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, and IL-6 Xagorari et al.

Moreover, both luteolin Xagorari et al. Collectively, the teas prepared from Camellia sinensis are the most frequently consumed beverages and are second only to water, worldwide Faria et al.

Tea has pleiotropic effects including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory Deka and Vita, , anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, as well as antihypertensive actions Deka and Vita, ; Table 1.

The data on the hypotensive effect of tea are not concrete. Hodgson et al. reported increases in BP after 30 min of consuming tea, with the BP returning to its baseline value after 60 min Hodgson et al. Another study suggested that green tea causes a decrease in SBP for participants with BP of mmHg or higher Nagao et al.

A meta-analysis of five trials came to conclusion of no change in blood pressure subsequent to drinking tea Taubert et al. However, a more recent meta-analysis study of randomized controlled trials demonstrated that green tea reduces both SBP and DBP by 1.

Likewise, other meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials came to the same conclusion that green tea reduces SBP and DBP by 1. Interestingly, it was reported that green tea evoked a more powerful hypotensive effect compared to black tea, and that long-term tea consumption produced a more significant SBP and DBP reduction.

Moreover, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, obese hypertensive patients who received mg green tea extract for 12 weeks exhibited a significant decrease in SBP and DBP by 4 mmHg each Bogdanski et al.

It is important to note here that ingestion of green or black tea 7. EGCG constitutes the primary component of tea's total catechins Babu and Liu, ; Faria et al. Constituents of tea lessen the risk of hypertension through several mechanisms, such as attenuation of oxidative stress Table 1.

Green tea has been reported to increase CAT antioxidant enzyme while simultaneously blocking AT 1 receptors in streptozotocin-treated rats Thomson et al.

Another mechanism for oxidative stress reduction by tea is the inhibition of eNOS uncoupling Faria et al. In addition, green tea has the capacity to scavenge superoxides Nakagawa and Yokozawa, in vitro as well as attenuate NAPDH oxidase production Ribaldo et al.

Flavonoids are noted for their vasorelaxant responses, including flow-mediated Ras et al. Black tea catechins are converted by an enzymatic polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase oxidative polymerization reaction to tannins: theaflavins benztropolone ring and thearubigins, both of which are orange-red colored polyphenolic pigments that are also potent vasodilators Yang et al.

A couple of clinical studies have reported black tea's positive effect on flow-mediated dilation FMD , an index of endothelial function Duffy et al.

In a clinical trial, Oyama et al. The data revealed a significant increase in blood flow due to an augmented release of NO with a concomitant decrease in levels of both asymmetrical dimethylarginine an endogenous inhibitor of eNOS and oxidative stress Oyama et al.

The bioactive components of tea are reported to express anti-inflammatory properties Table 3 , reflected by mitigated expression and release of different cytokines. In other studies, EGCG Ludwig et al.

In addition, EGCG was able to inhibit NF-κB activation in human endothelial cells Hong et al. Interestingly, EGCG derived from green tea also elicited a concentration-dependent inhibition of proliferation in human aortic VSMCs by increasing HO-1 enzyme expression Liu et al.

Coptis chinensis , commonly known as Chinese goldthread, is widely used in Chinese folk medicine Affuso et al. Evidence indicates that goldthread, and its main component Berberine BBR , have the ability to lower blood pressure Affuso et al.

Indeed, a recent meta-analysis of twenty-seven randomized controlled trials involving patients reported that BBR can cause a significant hypotensive effect Lan et al. In addition, this meta-analysis concluded that combined with an oral hypotensor, BBR can significantly reduce BP more than the hypotensor alone can do.

The magnitude of the decrease was determined to be an average of 4. Several mechanisms have been proposed for Chinese goldthread's antihypertensive effect. One mechanism appears to be via amelioration of oxidative stress Zhang et al.

Constituents of goldthread also act by relaxing arterial tissues through endothelial-dependent and independent routes Affuso et al. In chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxic and normoxic animal models, goldthread has been shown to relax NE-induced contractions in rat isolated thoracic aortic rings Zhang et al.

The same authors also reported BBR's vasorelaxant activity on KCl-induced contractions using the same models Zhang et al. Apparently, BBR elevates the expression of eNOS with a concomitant rise in NO release that leads to enhanced flow-mediated vasodilation Affuso et al.

In a clinical study, BBR 1. In addition, BBR isolate of Chinese goldthread inhibits endothelial injury Wang et al.

It also improves lipid profile by reducing total and LDL cholesterol, and cardiac muscle hypertrophy Zhang et al. Table 4. Commonly used antihypertensive plants with anti-proliferative activity. In several countries, coriander also known as cilantro or dhania is not only used as a culinary ingredient Anilakumar et al.

To the best of our knowledge, no clinical trials have been conducted to assess coriander's effects on BP. However, coriander has been reported to exhibit antioxidant properties Sreelatha et al. Coriander leaves' extracts also increased antioxidants enzymes Sreelatha et al.

Other studies have also reported similar antioxidant activities of coriander Cioanca et al. Vasodilatory effects of coriander are well-established. The same report also showed that coriander fruit extracts produced dose-dependent relaxation of pre-constricted phenylephrine and potassium chloride rabbit aortas, and this response was atropine and calcium-channel dependent Jabeen et al.

Further, the same extracts showed diuretic affects as well. The active component of which should act synergistically with the vasoactive constituent to complement the treatment and management of hypertension Jabeen et al. Moreover, coriander acts as an inhibitory agent to reduce the activities of NF-κB and iNOS Wu et al.

Hawthorns hawberry or thorn apple plants are shrubs that belong to a genus comprising almost species Tassell et al. Hawthorns have been used for treatment of CVDs since the seventeenth century Asher et al. Modest decreases in blood pressure have been observed in a few human-based studies with a demographic of hypertensive patients Walker et al.

In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study where mildly hypertensive subjects were treated with mg of hawthorn extract for 10 weeks, a promising tendency for a reduction in DBP by It is argued that the dose and duration were not sufficient for a more effective result to be noted.

Indeed, in phytotherapy practice, a significant decrease in BP is only noted after a longer duration and higher doses Bone and Mills, , In another randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study, administration of hydro-alcoholic extracts of Crataegus curvisepala Lind flowers to hypertensive patients age range 40—60 years for 3 months induced a decrease in both SBP and DBP by around 13 and 8 mmHg, respectively Asgary et al.

The aforemnetioned antihypertensive actions are credited to the plant's multiple components: flavonoids hyperoside, quercetin, rutin, and vitexin and oligomeric proanthocyanidins OPCs, epicatechin, procyanidin, and procyanidin B-2; Valli and Giardina, ; Houston, ; Asher et al.

Quercetin, a major polyphenolic flavonoid in hawthorn shrubs, expresses numerous bioactive functions including anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and vasorelaxant effects.

Quercetin supplement intervention studies have demonstrated a reduction in blood pressure of hypertensive subjects Larson et al. Interestingly, hawthorn extracts have an effect on both VSMCs and endothelial cells Tassell et al. The latter interaction is attributable to increased NOS activity and hence NO release Brixius et al.

In porcine isolated coronary arterial rings, WS an extract of Crataegus leaves with flowers induced endothelium-dependent relaxation through the activation of multiple signaling pathways, including ROS, Src, PI 3 -kinase, Akt, and eNOS Anselm et al.

Moreover, WS caused endothelium-dependent and NO-mediated vasorelaxation of phenylephrine-preconstricted rings of rat aorta as well as human internal mammaria Brixius et al.

In the L-NAME-induced hypertension model, the blood pressure decreased after the administration of Crataegus tanacetifolia leaf extract or its isolate, hyperoside. Both C. tanacetifolia extract and hyperoside display protective effects at multiple levels.

These include improving hyperlipidemia, decreasing body weight, resolving hyperplasia, reducing thickness of the vascular medial layer as well as improving kidney function. Such effects appear to be mediated by an increase in diuretic activity, efflux of water and sodium, as well as expression of NOS enzyme.

Together, all of these mechanistic actions contribute to the amelioration of hypertensive outcome Koçyildiz et al. As part of the integrated cardiovascular beneficial bioprocesses, hawthorn has the capacity to scavenge ROS Tassell et al. Moreover, hawthorn extracts express anti-inflammatory activity, which is mirrored by the decline in concentrations of NF-κB, TNF-α Topal et al.

Saffron common name , a plant indigenous to Southwest Asia Iran, Pakistan, and India , Spain, Greece, and Morocco, is a stemless herb whose medicinal values have been sought for over years Srivastava et al. Saffron's main components include crocin, picrocrocin, safranal, and crocetin Srivastava et al.

Several reports support the use of saffron for anti-hypertensive benefits. A clinical study reported that mg of saffron tablets administered for 7 days were able to significantly reduce the SBP and mean arterial pressure in healthy humans by 11 and 5 mmHg, respectively Modaghegh et al.

Saffron demonstrates vasorelaxant activities in different animal models. Extracts of C. sativus petals rich in flavonoids and anthocyanins dose-dependently reduced the BP of male Sprague-Dawley rats, possibly by modulating peripheral vascular resistance Fatehi et al.

Moreover, extract of C. Saffron relaxes non-vascular muscles as well. In addition, safranal 0. Saffron's antioxidant ability has also been widely reported.

It was shown to reduce oxidative stress El-Beshbishy et al. Moreover, saffron and its constituents also possess an inherent ability to inhibit inflammatory pathways, including NF-κB Nam et al.

Lemongrass common name has been widely used in traditional medicine of Brazil, China, and Southern Asia Devi et al.

It has been reported to possess antihypertensive properties, which have been attributed to its active phytochemicals, the principle of which being Citral Devi et al.

However, no clinical trials have yet investigated the effect of Lemongrass on BP. The relaxant effect of lemongrass has been demonstrated in several different tissues, including the rabbit ileum Devi et al. For instance, Citral or crude extracts of C.

citratus leaves, stems, or roots generated a dose-dependent vasorelaxation in phenylephrine pre-constricted aortic rings from male WKRs or SHRs Devi et al. Likewise, administration of an intravenous bolus of Citronellol, an acyclic monoterpenoid isolated from lemongrass, to male Wistar rats produced a hypotensive response.

This hypotensive effect was not affected by L-NAME, indomethacin, atropine, or hexamethonium Bastos et al. Citronellol also induced relaxation of rat superior mesenteric artery via an endothelium-independent mechanism. Moreover, arteries denuded of endothelium were not reliant on tetraethylammonium-dependent potassium channels.

Lemongrass is known to display moderate antioxidant activity. Results from another study showed an increase in antioxidant enzymes and molecules such as SOD and GSH in murine lungs after administering 5 and 10 μg of lemongrass' extracts Tiwari et al.

Lemongrass was reported to suppress ROS molecular activity Tiwari et al. In addition, lemongrass' Citral contributes to the anti-inflammatory pathways by inhibiting NF-κB Lee et al.

Hibiscus, widely known as roselle, is used for hypertension, fever, and other diseases in folk medicine. Different parts of this plant buds, calyx, flowers, leaves, and petals—fresh or dried are used for health purposes and as refreshing beverages, food items jams, preserves , or lotions.

Roselle's blood pressure lowering effects have been extensively reported in both animal Odigie et al. In a randomized, double-blind, Lisinopril-controlled clinical trial, antihypertensive effects were notable subsequent to treatment with dried extract of calyx mg for 4 weeks in patients with stage 1 or 2 hypertension Herrera-Arellano et al.

Indeed, a drop of BP from After 4 weeks, a significant decrease in SBP and DBP by Additional support for hibiscus' therapeutic role in ameliorating hypertension is provided by a report which shows that in mild and pre-hypertensive patients 65 subjects—30—70 years old , consuming roselle's tea ml—three times a day for 6 weeks significantly reduces SBP, DBP, and MAP by 7.

Different mechanisms for roselle's antihypertensive effect have been reported. Roselle primes the vasorelaxant pathways of both endothelial cells Ajay et al. Its relaxant effect is mediated through an increased production of NO Ajay et al. Additionally, it has been shown to inhibit cardiac hypertrophy Odigie et al.

A strong body of evidence is reported to support roselle's ability as a diuretic agent Onyenekwe et al. One clinical study detected a lower concentration of uric acid in urine of healthy humans consuming roselle Ali et al.

Another clinical study reflected the decrease in blood sodium content of stage 1 and 2 hypertensive humans after 4 weeks administration of mg of roselle's extracts Herrera-Arellano et al. This diuretic activity is related to the vasorelaxant effect, as NO elevation is positively correlated with increases in renal filtration rates Alarcon-Alonso et al.

Roselle exhibits potent antioxidant function Ali et al. In a clinical study, roselle's aqueous extracts enhanced the concentration of cellular antioxidants in healthy humans Frank et al.

Moreover, it blocks the oxidation of LDL, indicating its role as an anti-atherogenic Lin et al. Roselle also shows anti-inflammatory capacity by inhibiting not only ACE activity Herrera-Arellano et al.

The effect of roselle on ACE activity was confirmed in a Lisinopril-controlled clinical trial, where mg of its extract was administered to patients with stage 1 or 2 hypertension Herrera-Arellano et al.

Black cumin, also known as Habbatul barakah seed of blessing , has been used in the kitchens of Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and South and Southwest Asia for centuries Ahmad et al.

In addition to its antihypertensive role, black cumin is also effective against diabetes and gastrointestinal diseases Leong et al. Thymoquinone TQ , one of the most abundant and bioactive components in Nigella sativa 's seeds, has been identified as the major element in its healing effects Ahmad et al.

sativa , and its constituents, have been reported to lower blood pressure in humans and in different animal models of hypertension Zaoui et al. For example, L-NAME-induced hypertension in rats was ameliorated by concomitant treatment with thymoquinone 0.

Improvement in renal function and antioxidant activity were also noted, evident by the reduced serum creatinine or increased glutathione in control vs. L-NAME treated rats, respectively Khattab and Nagi, Likewise, in SHRs, an oral dose of dichloromethane extract of black cumin seeds 0.

A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of the effects of N. sativa 's seed extract administrated orally either or mg, two times per 24 h for 8 weeks to mild hypertensive male patients recorded a dose-dependent fall in both SBP and DBP, in the two treated groups compared to placebo Dehkordi and Kamkhah, ; Table 6.

For the mg dose, there was a decrease of around 2. Moreover, the NS 's extract reduced total cholesterol as well as low density lipoprotein LDL -cholesterol relative to pretreatment concentrations Dehkordi and Kamkhah, Again, in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study with 70 healthy subjects, N.

sativa oil caused a significant decrease of Table 6. Commonly used plants that were studied in clinical trials, and details of these trials.

Another route by which black cumin attenuates hypertension is by vasorelaxant means. Moreover, TQ is reported to inhibit the release of vasoconstrictor metabolites of COX-1 Ahmad et al. TQ's antihypertensive effects are partly due to its antioxidant activities as it lowers oxidative stress Khattab and Nagi, ; Ahmad et al.

Another mechanism that may explain the hypotensive effect of black cumin pertains to its diuretic action Zaoui et al. This has been highlighted by the ability of black cumin seeds to increase urea, calcium, sodium, and potassium in urine of rats Zaoui et al.

Yet another mechanism that underlies black cumin's actions is its anti-inflammatory property since it inhibits the generation of TNF-α and NF-κB Kundu et al. For centuries, the species Panax , especially the Asian variety, has been used in folk medicine Jang et al. Ginseng is prepared and administered in various forms, either as a solid: tablets, capsules, dried roots; or as a liquid: oil, extracts or tea Valli and Giardina, ginseng Asian or Korean ginseng , P.

quinquefolius American ginseng , P. japonicas Japanese ginseng and P. notoginseng Chinese ginseng are the four most common species of ginseng Valli and Giardina, ; Kim, Interestingly, these—as a group—have the most reported hypotensive effects.

Heterogeneous triterpenoid saponins and steroid glycosides or ginsenosides or panaxosides are the active principle components of ginseng Valli and Giardina, ; Kim, In addition to anti-hypertensive effects, ginseng also plays anti-carcinogenic and antidiabetic roles Choi et al.

Although ginseng 's blood pressure lowering effect is widely reported Jeon et al. Contextually, low doses of ginseng raise BP, while higher concentrations are hypotensive Jang et al.

A probable explanation for this phenomenon is the varied action of different ginsenosides Valli and Giardina, Therefore, these studies suggest that ginseng rheostatically adjusts the BP level in hypotensive patients Kim, , possibly by tuning vascular function, modulating the autonomic nervous system, or regulating the arterial baroreflex.

Several clinical trials have been conducted to assess the efficacy of ginseng in modulating BP Table 6. In one trial, P. Along the same line, another randomized, double-blind, crossover trial reported that central SBP and DBP of healthy subjects was significantly reduced by 4.

ginseng mg; Jovanovski et al. The primary mechanism associated with ginseng -induced hypotensive effect is attributed to an improvement in arterial function. Indeed, ginseng causes a dramatic increase in eNOS expression and NO production Valli and Giardina, ; Jang et al. Ginsenoside Rg3 red ginseng is known to activate eNOS Valli and Giardina, ; Jang et al.

Ginsenosides mediate vasorelaxation of different vessels in different animals: rat aortas Kim et al. In the same context, this relaxation may be aided by ginseng's ability to diminish secretion of adrenal catecholamines in hypertensive rats Jang et al.

Ginseng also elicits an anti-proliferative effect on VSMCs, and hence, it can be expected to possess antihypertensive and anti-atherosclerotic capacities Table 4. quinquefolius for 12 weeks improves arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients Mucalo et al.

Further support for this beneficial effect of ginseng comes from another clinical trial, where taking mg of P. ginseng caused a significant reduction in aortic Alx, a marker of arterial stiffness Jovanovski et al. It has been reported that Chinese ginseng blocks the activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases ERK pathway, and therefore inhibits PDGF-induced VSMCs proliferation Zhang et al.

Moreover, Chinese and other ginsengs reduced vascular aging of SHRs compared to WKY rats; this was reflected by inhibition of proliferation of VSMCs isolated from both WKY and SHRs. The mechanistic pathway for the effect of ginseng on SHR VSMCs entailed the decrease in the number of senescence-associated β-galactosidase SA-β-gal positive cells.

In the SHR, expression of p16, and retinoblastoma protein Rb was elevated whereas that of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 CDK4 was decreased Tao and Lei, Further, red ginseng also attenuated Ang II-induced VSMC growth Kim, Amongst ginseng 's other hypotensive mechanisms is its antioxidant ability Table 1.

In this regard, it has been reported that ginsenoside Rg1 60— μM inhibits oxidative stress Doh et al. In addition to its antioxidant effect, ginseng exhibits anti-inflammatory properties. Indeed, Asian ginseng red inhibits the release of TNF-α Kim, as well as attenuates NF-κB and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase MAPK pathways Bak et al.

It has been suggested that the consequence of this effect is a reduction in the vasoconstrictor activity of COX-2 enzyme Bak et al.

Danshen's most effective components include: salvianolic acid A SalA , salvianolic acid B SalB , danshensu, and tanshinones Ng et al. Danshen relaxes the vasculature via endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent mechanisms.

A combination treatment of danshen and gegen Pueraria lobata was shown to lower blood pressure in SHRs Ng et al.

Similarly, dihydrotanshinone lipophilic constituent of danshen is a vasorelaxant of rat coronary arteries Lam et al. Danshen's endothelium-dependent relaxations occur via an NO-dependent mechanism Chan et al. SalB-derived vasodilation in rabbit aorta is mediated by the NO-sGC-cGMP pathway Shou et al.

Other studies have also demonstrated that L-NAME inhibits eNOS and blocks the activity of danshen Chan et al. In VSMCs, danshen exhibits its vasodilating effect by opening of K ATP , K ir , and K v channels Ng et al.

Apart from its vasodilatory capacity, danshen expresses additional anti-hypertensive parameters such as antioxidative, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory activities.

Its extracts have been shown to decrease ROS production in rat thoracic aorta Cho et al. Danshen was also reported to inhibit PDGF-induced proliferation of VSMCs Cho et al. The anti-inflammatory capacity of danshen was demonstrated by virtue of its ability to inhibit TNF-α, NF-κB production, and VCAM-1 expression Cho et al.

Taken together, these results illustrate the underlying molecular mechanism for danshen's antihypertensive effect. Ginger, a very common culinary ingredient, is reported to possess hypotensive properties.

Indeed, [6]-gingerol is now considered a novel angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist with an IC 50 of 8. The aqueous extract of ginger 0. In addition, zingerone, another active compound in ginger, can potently scavenge oxidant molecules like peroxynitrite Shin et al.

Recently, it was found that ginger not only reduces levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, and vLDL, but it can also inhibit ACE-1 activity Akinyemi et al. With CVD remaining as a leading cause of worldwide mortality, the search for more effective treatments ought to be of prime importance.

An approach that appears promising is CAM Frishman et al. Not surprisingly, of all small-molecule new chemical entities introduced as drugs during the last three decades, a significant fraction were either obtained from or inspired by nature Newman and Cragg, Of relevant interest, it is important to note that herbal consumption appear to be the most common type of CAM among CVD patients Yeh et al.

In this first part of our review, we discussed the mechanisms of action of several plants that are most commonly used in the treatment or management of hypertension. The pharmacological actions of herbs or herbal isolates appear to favorably modulate several parameters implicated in the pathogenesis of blood pressure, including but not limited to ROS production, VSMC phenotype, endothelial function, platelet activation, pro-inflammatory signaling, and gene expression.

With such a broad spectrum of actions, one may predict that herbal remedies will receive even more attention in the coming years, perhaps accentuating the need for further experimentations and clinical trials. Indeed, the lack of sufficient clinical trials constitutes a significant limitation on their use at the present time.

Of equal importance, it may be advisable that patients be appropriately educated, particularly in relation to herbs whose consumption has been considered safe for thousands of years black cumin, Chinese sage, coriander, garlic, ginger, ginseng, and tea , and has been supported by sound scientific evidence such as one based on clinical trials with large population groups.

It is important to note that there are herbs and plants that could actually raise blood pressure and thus should be avoided by hypertensive patients.

There are also other limitations for herbal therapy of hypertension. These limitations would be discussed in the second part of this review. All authors contributed to the writing.

AE conceived, designed and revised the manuscript. This publication was made possible by grant NPRP from the Qatar National Research Fund a member of Qatar Foundation. The Statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the authors. This grant was awarded to AE.

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. The authors would like to thank Miss Tuqa Saleh Al Shehabi for her assistance in drawing the figures. Affuso, F.

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Top bar navigation They're also rich in fiber, an important nutrient for heart health, and support normal blood pressure levels. In addition to dairy, you can get calcium from collard greens and other leafy greens, beans, sardines , and tofu. Article CAS PubMed Google Scholar Dehkordi FR, Kamkhah AF. Related Articles. In this first part of our review, we discussed the mechanisms of action of several plants that are most commonly used in the treatment or management of hypertension.

And you can get even more plant-based goodness into your diet by drinking herbal tea. Some herbal teas may even help to lower blood pressure directly. These are some of the best herbal teas for blood pressure management.

One of the most popular herbal teas, chamomile is well known for soothing stress and helping us relax. Drinking chamomile tea may also help to reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood, reducing your risk of developing narrowed arteries, which can lead to high blood pressure.

Enjoy chamomile and other calming herbs in our NutraRelax blend — a perfect choice for anyone battling stress or sleepless nights. Green tea is an absolute powerhouse of polyphenols — plant-based compounds that help to support our health.

When it comes to managing your blood pressure, green tea helps in several ways. Firstly, it reduces the amount of fat you absorb from your food, helping to keep your blood lipid levels in the healthy range. Secondly, it lowers LDL cholesterol levels — the type of cholesterol involved in atherosclerosis.

And thirdly, green tea helps to relax the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily. But this pungent herb is one of the best-known traditional remedies for cardiovascular issues, including high blood pressure. Studies have found that garlic can have a significant effect on blood pressure, reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

It also helps to relax the arteries, reduce cholesterol levels, and help blood flow more easily. Granted, garlic may not be your first thought when choosing a nice cup of tea.

But combining garlic with other herbs can give your herbal tea a delicious depth of flavour. And the hot water mellows the taste too, leaving it significantly less pungent than when you eat it raw. Another great herb for high blood pressure is cinnamon.

The flavourful bark gives a comforting sweetness to any herbal tea blend and its health benefits make it an ideal choice for anyone concerned for their cardiovascular health.

Cinnamon reduces both diastolic and systolic blood pressure, especially when taken regularly over three months or more.

It appears to relax the blood vessels, helping blood to flow more easily. Plus, cinnamon can reduce the lipid levels in our blood, lowering LDL cholesterol and triglycerides.

In turn, this helps us avoid narrowed arteries and keeps blood circulating around our bodies. Also known as tulsi, holy basil is native to India and an important herb in Ayurvedic medicine.

An adaptogen, it helps our bodies cope with stress — excellent if you are trying to juggle a busy lifestyle. In turn, this reduces the chances of developing high blood pressure. Holy basil also acts to reduce cholesterol and blood sugar levels. And studies have shown that it can significantly lower blood pressure in hypertensive adults.

Green tea, garlic, cinnamon, and holy basil are just some of the ingredients in our NutraLipid blend , a herbal tea aimed at supporting your heart health. This tea also contains other herbs that help to protect your cardiovascular system, including hawthorn berries, turmeric, fenugreek, and artichoke leaf.

By making these 10 lifestyle changes, you can lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of heart disease. If you have high blood pressure, you may wonder if medication is necessary to bring the numbers down. But lifestyle plays a vital role in treating high blood pressure.

Controlling blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle might prevent, delay or reduce the need for medication. Blood pressure often increases as weight increases. Being overweight also can cause disrupted breathing while you sleep sleep apnea , which further raises blood pressure.

Weight loss is one of the most effective lifestyle changes for controlling blood pressure. If you're overweight or have obesity, losing even a small amount of weight can help reduce blood pressure. In general, blood pressure might go down by about 1 millimeter of mercury mm Hg with each kilogram about 2.

Also, the size of the waistline is important. Carrying too much weight around the waist can increase the risk of high blood pressure. These numbers vary among ethnic groups. Ask your health care provider about a healthy waist measurement for you.

Regular physical activity can lower high blood pressure by about 5 to 8 mm Hg. It's important to keep exercising to keep blood pressure from rising again.

As a general goal, aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity every day. Exercise can also help keep elevated blood pressure from turning into high blood pressure hypertension.

For those who have hypertension, regular physical activity can bring blood pressure down to safer levels. Some examples of aerobic exercise that can help lower blood pressure include walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or dancing.

Another possibility is high-intensity interval training. This type of training involves alternating short bursts of intense activity with periods of lighter activity. Strength training also can help reduce blood pressure. Aim to include strength training exercises at least two days a week.

Talk to a health care provider about developing an exercise program. Eating a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and low in saturated fat and cholesterol can lower high blood pressure by up to 11 mm Hg. Examples of eating plans that can help control blood pressure are the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet.

Potassium in the diet can lessen the effects of salt sodium on blood pressure. The best sources of potassium are foods, such as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements.

Aim for 3, to 5, mg a day, which might lower blood pressure 4 to 5 mm Hg. Ask your care provider how much potassium you should have. Even a small reduction of sodium in the diet can improve heart health and reduce high blood pressure by about 5 to 6 mm Hg.

The effect of sodium intake on blood pressure varies among groups of people. In general, limit sodium to 2, milligrams mg a day or less.

However, a lower sodium intake — 1, mg a day or less — is ideal for most adults. Limiting alcohol to less than one drink a day for women or two drinks a day for men can help lower blood pressure by about 4 mm Hg. One drink equals 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.

But drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure by several points. It can also reduce the effectiveness of blood pressure medications.

Smoking increases blood pressure. Stopping smoking helps lower blood pressure. It can also reduce the risk of heart disease and improve overall health, possibly leading to a longer life. Poor sleep quality — getting fewer than six hours of sleep every night for several weeks — can contribute to hypertension.

A number of issues can disrupt sleep, including sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome and general sleeplessness insomnia.

Let your health care provider know if you often have trouble sleeping. Finding and treating the cause can help improve sleep. However, if you don't have sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome, follow these simple tips for getting more restful sleep. Long-term chronic emotional stress may contribute to high blood pressure.

More research is needed on the effects of stress reduction techniques to find out whether they can reduce blood pressure. However, it can't hurt to determine what causes stress, such as work, family, finances or illness, and find ways to reduce stress. Try the following:.

Home monitoring can help you keep tabs on your blood pressure. It can make certain your medications and lifestyle changes are working. Home blood pressure monitors are available widely and without a prescription. Talk to a health care provider about home monitoring before you get started.

Regular visits with a provider are also key to controlling blood pressure. If your blood pressure is well controlled, ask your provider how often you need to check it. You might be able to check it only once a day or less often. Supportive family and friends are important to good health. They may encourage you to take care of yourself, drive you to the care provider's office or start an exercise program with you to keep your blood pressure low.

If you find you need support beyond your family and friends, consider joining a support group. This may put you in touch with people who can give you an emotional or morale boost and who can offer practical tips to cope with your condition.

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Thank you for subscribing! Sorry something went wrong with your subscription Please, try again in a couple of minutes Retry. Show references Feehally J, et al.

Nonpharmacologic prevention and treatment of hypertension. In: Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology. Elsevier; Accessed April 20, Hypertension adult. Mayo Clinic; Hall ME, et al. Weight-loss strategies for prevention and treatment of hypertension: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association.

Shimbo D, et al. Self-measured blood pressure monitoring at home: A joint policy statement from the American Heart Association and the American Medical Association.

Department of Health and Human Services and U. Department of Agriculture. Accessed April 23,

Someone may be able to lower Hilistic blood pressure Holiztic a Holistic herbs for hypertension control Sport-specific workouts ways. For example, Holustic regularly exercising, Liver Health Check Antimicrobial surface coatings weight, and making dietary changes. High blood pressure Holistkc nearly half of American adults and 1 billion people worldwide 12. If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure raises your risk of heart disease and stroke. However, there are a number of things you can do to lower your blood pressure naturally, even without medication. Here are 15 natural ways to treat high blood pressure. Exercise is one of the best things you can do to lower high blood pressure.

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1 thoughts on “Holistic herbs for hypertension control

  1. Ich denke, dass Sie den Fehler zulassen. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden umgehen.

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