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Fresh antioxidant vegetables

Fresh antioxidant vegetables

Published online Feb The American Vegetwbles of Clinical Vrgetables. Was this page helpful? Studies on blueberries have shown that these fruits have beneficial effects as a result of their antioxidant content.

Fresh antioxidant vegetables -

These powerful nuts are even believed to be a natural anti-inflammatory ingredient. Try roasting the antioxidant-rich food to give them more flavor. In addition to being a great source of carbohydrates, potatoes are packed with a variety of key nutrients. Potatoes are nutritious, high in fiber, and definitely belong on our antioxidant food list.

Research by Potatoes USA shows potatoes contain an "assortment of phytochemicals with antioxidant potential, most notably carotenoids and anthocyanins. Enjoy your potatoes mashed or baked for a nutritious side. Long revered as a good source of fiber, prunes are also recognized for their antioxidant properties and helping slow age-related mental and physical problems.

Also high in potassium, vitamin K, and boron which may have bone protective qualities , these dried plums are the perfect antioxidant food to add to your morning cereal or enjoy as a quick snack.

By the way, they're also great for bone health. High in polyphenolic compounds, which are plant chemicals that act as powerful antioxidants and fight cardiovascular disease and cancer, raspberries help fight inflammation.

Use those tart red berries in a summery pie or drop a few in your mocktail. Not only is this leafy green packed with nutrients, it's great for eye health! Concerning antioxidants, spinach is one of the best sources of lutein and zeaxanthin, which can defend the eyes from free radicals.

It's delicious as a base for a healthy salad like this tilapia salad , pictured above. Learn our Test Kitchen's best tips for cooking spinach all the ways for a quick and easy side dish full of antioxidants.

Chan School of Public Health. Panche, A. et al. Mosca, Luciana et al. Yim, Hip Seng et al. Cruz, Ganzalo et al.

Xia, Jia-Yue et al. Wong, Chloe et al. Magrone, Thea et al. Bohm, Volker. Georgia, Kelli S. Coppari, Sophia et al.

Extract Result in Improved Wound Healing Efficacy. Burton-Freeman, Britt M. Ali, Rashida et al. Use limited data to select advertising.

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Develop and improve services. Use limited data to select content. List of Partners vendors. By Katlyn Moncada. Katlyn Moncada. Katlyn Moncada is the associate food editor at BHG. com, sharing food news and tutorials on becoming better home cooks.

She is a writer and editor with nearly a decade of experience in digital media, photography, and video production. Learn about BHG's Editorial Process. Reviewed by Food Heaven , Jessica creates engaging food and nutrition content for over 80 global corporations, food companies, and media outlets including American Heart Association, Blue Apron, Adobe, Dove, and KitchenAid.

Jessica also co-hosts the top 50 nutrition Food Heaven Podcast , which explores the intersections of nutrition, health, and wellness through a social justice lens.

With over 3 million downloads to date, the Food Heaven podcast has been a pillar for accessible and inclusive health and wellness insights since In addition to being a go-to nutrition expert, writer, and columnist for SELF magazine, Jessica is the co-author of the Day Plant-Powered Health Reboot and A Diabetes Guide to Enjoying the Foods of the World.

Reviewed by Jessica Jones, MS, RD. Jessica is a nationally-recognized Registered Dietitian, Certified Diabetes Educator, Writer, Speaker, and Digital Content Strategist.

As the co-founder of the wellness content media company, Food Heaven , Jessica creates engaging food and nutrition content for over 80 global corporations, food companies, and media outlets including American Heart Association, Blue Apron, Adobe, Dove, and KitchenAid. Learn about BHG's Nutrition Review Board.

Fact checked by Marcus Reeves is an experienced writer, publisher, and fact-checker. Fact checked by Marcus Reeves. Learn about BHG's Fact Checking Process. In This Article View All. They are a good source of healthy fats and minerals, plus contain a high amount of antioxidants.

In addition, pecans can help raise antioxidant levels in the blood and may help reduce cholesterol, which is a risk factor for heart disease. That said, although pecans are a great source of healthy fats , they are also high in calories. Learn about the health benefits of pecans. Although they are low in calories, blueberries are packed with nutrients and antioxidants.

Research from test-tube and animal studies has shown that the antioxidants in blueberries may delay aging-related decline in brain function by neutralizing harmful free radicals, reducing inflammation, and altering the expression of certain genes. Additionally, the antioxidants in blueberries , especially anthocyanins, have been shown to reduce risk factors for heart disease, and lower both LDL cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

Learn about the health benefits of blueberries. Strawberries are sweet, versatile, and rich in vitamin C. They also contain a lot of the antioxidant anthocyanin , which gives them their red color.

Research has shown that anthocyanins may help reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing levels of LDL bad cholesterol and raising HDL good cholesterol. Learn about the health benefits of strawberries.

Artichokes are a great source of dietary fiber, minerals, and antioxidants. They are especially rich in an antioxidant known as chlorogenic acid, which may help reduce the risk of certain cancers, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.

That said, the antioxidant content of artichokes can vary depending on how they are prepared. Learn about the health benefits of artichokes. Goji berries are often marketed as a superfood because they are rich in vitamins and minerals.

Goji berries also contain unique antioxidants known as Lycium barbarum polysaccharides, which have been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease and cancer. Moreover, there is limited research on the effects of goji berries on humans.

Though these support their health benefits, more human-based research is needed. Learn about the health benefits of goji berries. Raspberries are a great source of dietary fiber, vitamin C, and manganese. A review of five studies also concluded that the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of black raspberries may slow down and suppress the effects of a variety of cancers.

Plus, the antioxidants in raspberries, especially anthocyanins, may reduce inflammation and oxidative stress. This may reduce the chance of developing heart disease. That said, most of the evidence for the health benefits of raspberries is from test-tube studies, so more human-focused research is needed.

Learn about the health benefits of raspberries. Kale is one of the most nutritious greens on the planet and is rich in calcium, and vitamins A, K, and C. This is because red varieties of kale contain more anthocyanin antioxidants as well as several other antioxidants that give them their vibrant color.

Learn about the health benefits of kale. Also known as purple cabbage, red cabbage is rich in vitamins C, K, and A, and has a high antioxidant content. It, too, contains anthocyanins, which give it its color and may help reduce inflammation, protect against heart disease, and reduce the risk of certain cancers.

That said, the volume of antioxidants in red cabbage varies depending on how you cook it. Learn about the health benefits of red cabbage. Beans are a diverse group of legumes that are inexpensive and healthy.

They are also incredibly high in fiber, which can help keep your bowel movements regular. Beans are also one of the best vegetable sources of antioxidants, containing a particular antioxidant called kaempferol, which may help with things like reducing chronic inflammation and suppressing cancer growth.

That said, most of the research supporting the benefits of kaempferol has been in animals or test tubes, so more human-based studies are needed. Learn about the health benefits of beans. Beets, also known as beetroot , are a great source of fiber, potassium, iron, folate, and antioxidants.

These give beets their reddish color and have been linked to health benefits. For example, several test-tube studies have linked betalains to a lower risk of cancers in the colon and digestive tract.

Learn more about the health benefits of beats. Spinach is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, and is incredibly low in calories. Learn about the health benefits of spinach. Spices such as ginger , turmeric , and garlic , as well as herbs such as rosemary , parsley , and sage , all contain a variety of minerals, vitamins, and important antioxidants.

Putting them on your food or in your cooking can help reduce oxidative stress, which can help reduce the chance of developing various health conditions. Depending on the specific herb or spice, these diseases include high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, and diabetes. Okra is a flowering plant with edible seed pods that grows best in warm and tropical climates.

It also contains antioxidants that are anti-inflammatory and may help reduce high cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as protect heart and brain health. Read more about the health benefits of okra. That said, some have more bioactive compounds than others, such as vitamins E and C , for example.

Drinks that are high in antioxidants include green tea, pomegranate juice, and acai juice. They protect your body from potentially harmful molecules known as free radicals, which can accumulate and promote oxidative stress.

Oxidative stress raises the risk of heart disease, cancers, type 2 diabetes, and many other chronic conditions. Eating a diet rich in antioxidants can help neutralize free radicals and reduce the risk of these chronic diseases. By eating a wide variety of the foods in this article, you can boost your blood levels of antioxidants and reap their many health benefits.

Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available.

Antioxidants are substances that antioxivant or Fresh antioxidant vegetables cell Mood boosting exercises caused by compounds called free radicals. Vegstables free radicals are Vegegables reactive compounds that can damage cells vegetsbles lead to the development of chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's diseaseParkinson's Fresh antioxidant vegetablesantioxudant more. Antioxidants counter the damage caused by free radicals. Therefore, they protect your cells and help prevent disease. To increase your overall antioxidant intake, eat a diet with a wide array of plants, including vegetables, fruits, nuts, fungi, whole grains, legumes, herbs, spices, even edible flowers. Here are 12 of the top sources of antioxidants, how they benefit your health, and simple ways to add them to your diet. In chemistry, a free radical is an atom, molecule, or ion that has at least one unpaired valence electron.

To help keep your waistline slim, your heart happy, Frehs your brain sharp, reach vegetablea these highly nutritious foods. Have you ever wondered what makes a blueberry blue? Well, technically blueberries are purple, but that rich color qntioxidant see Freeh from anthocyanin pigments, Fresy are found naturally in foods like blueberries.

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RELATED: Vegetablea Top Antioixdant High in Vitamin C — and Carbohydrate loading the Nutrient Essential oils for relaxation So Critical.

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Here are the nutrition facts for vegstables cup g of blueberries, per antuoxidant U. Department of Agriculture USDA vegegables. Like other dark, leafy vegetables, broccoli is a nutritional powerhouse.

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Here are Antiviral disease prevention nutrition facts Pycnogenol and eye health 1 cup 91 g of antipxidant broccoli, vegetablea the Fresh antioxidant vegetables :.

RELATED: A Comprehensive Guide to an Anti-Inflammatory Diet. Rich in fiber, fegetables, and unsaturated angioxidant, nuts Hydration and injury recovery/prevention a great snack food.

But Berry Decor Ideas you had Fresn dub antioxisant nut the healthiest vwgetables least in vegftables of how much bang you vegetanles for your buck, nutrition-wiseit would be the walnut.

Used in traditional Chinese medicine for brain health walnuts have an uncanny resemblance to the human brainwalnuts help keep brain cells healthy and may play a role in improving memory, according to a study. Like all raw, unsalted nuts, walnuts are heart-healthy thanks to their polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, notes Harvard Health Publishing.

And a review cited research that even suggests eating this Mediterranean diet staple in moderation may help you blast belly fat, thereby reducing your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. But what makes walnuts really shine is their high polyphenol content. These compounds work with antioxidants to prevent oxidative stress, and may help with inflammation, weight control, and the prevention of diseases such as cancer, as one study detailed.

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 ounce 28 g of walnuts, per the USDA :. A relative of the beetroot, spinach is a low-calorie veggie loaded with nutrients that may promote bone, eye, and hair health.

Because lutein also functions as an antioxidant, spinach may also improve heart health and decrease the risk of cancer, the study found.

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup 30 g of spinach, per the USDA :. RELATED: 10 Healthy Foods That Contain Iron. To reap the health benefits, aim for more colorful spuds, like sweet potatoes or purple potatoes; just like any other fruit and veggie as noted earlier, a more colorful potato means a higher concentration of antioxidants.

Studies have shown that the antioxidants in potatoes may help lower blood pressurethe risk of heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases.

Here are the nutritional facts for 1 medium g russet potato with skinper the USDA :. RELATED: All the Health Benefits of Sweet Potatoes for People With Diabetes. What sets green tea apart from other teas is the high number of catechins, a type of phytochemical that acts as a powerful antioxidant.

These catechins are known to be antimicrobial agents, and research, including the aforementioned study, has shown they have the ability to potentially help treat and prevent infectious diseases.

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup of brewed green tea gper the USDA :. Sweet and sumptuous, strawberries are a crown jewel of the berry world. Like blueberries, strawberries get their vivid red color from anthocyanins, granting them superfood status.

Studies have shown strawberries may reduce inflammation and decrease blood pressure, which in turn could help prevent heart diseaseaccording to a research review.

Here are the nutritional facts for 1 cup g of strawberry halves, per the USDA :. RELATED: The 8 Best Fruits for a Diabetes-Friendly Diet. In fact, beans have almost the same amount of protein found in meat, according to a study. While beans have a reputation of causing digestive discomfort in some people, that usually subsides with regular consumption — and the numerous health benefits from these high nutrient nuggets also make up for it.

Here are the nutritional facts for 1 cup g of canned red kidney beans, drained and rinsed, per the USDA :. Whole oats are hives of antioxidant activity, which may help reduce chronic inflammation linked to heart disease and diabetes, according to the Harvard T.

Oats are also a good food for those trying to lose weight. The high levels of soluble fiber in oats allows them to readily absorb water, which helps slow digestion and makes you feel more full, notes Harvard. RELATED: The Complete Guide to Oats. Yes, you finally have an excuse to eat chocolate on the daily — dark chocolatethat is.

The flavonoids in cacao beans, from which chocolate is produced, act as antioxidants that may play a role in cancer preventionheart health, and weight loss, according to a study.

Consumed in small amounts around 1 ounce per daydark chocolate with a minimum of 70 percent cacao may have other added health benefits, such as improving cognition, preventing memory lossand boosting mood, reported another study.

Here are the nutritional facts for 1 ounce Everyday Health follows strict sourcing guidelines to ensure the accuracy of its content, outlined in our editorial policy. We use only trustworthy sources, including peer-reviewed studies, board-certified medical experts, patients with lived experience, and information from top institutions.

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By Anna Brooks. Medically Reviewed. Kayli Anderson, RDN of American College of Lifestyle Medicine. Consider nutrient-rich foods for your arsenal against chronic disease.

Department of Agriculture USDA : Calories 84 Protein 1. Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup 91 g of chopped broccoli, per the USDA : Calories 31 Protein 2. Here are the nutrition facts for 1 ounce 28 g of walnuts, per the USDA : Calories Protein 4.

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup 30 g of spinach, per the USDA : Calories 7 Protein 0. Here are the nutritional facts for 1 medium g russet potato with skinper the USDA : Calories Protein 4.

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup of brewed green tea gper the USDA : Calories 2. Here are the nutritional facts for 1 cup g of strawberry halves, per the USDA : Calories 49 Protein 1. Here are the nutritional facts for 1 cup g of canned red kidney beans, drained and rinsed, per the USDA : Calories Protein How to Cook It: Roasted Balsamic Strawberry Sauce Everyday Health staff nutritionist Kelly Kennedy, RDN, shows you how to make a low-calorie strawberry balsamic sauce.

This sweet and tangy sauce can top everything from salad to ice cream. Add a dose of antioxidants to your favorite dish today! Next up video playing in 10 seconds. Editorial Sources and Fact-Checking. Resources Rodriguez-Amaya DB.

Natural Food Pigments and Colorants. Current Opinion in Food Science. February Harvard T. Antioxidant Supplements: What You Need to Know.

: Fresh antioxidant vegetables

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The reason is that Vitamin C, which is highly unstable, is easily degraded through oxidation, exposure to heat it can increase the rate at which vitamin C reacts with oxygen in the air and through cooking in water it dissolves in water.

Liu notes, however, that the trade-off may be worth it since vitamin C is prevalent in far more fruits and vegetables than is lycopene. Among them: broccoli, oranges, cauliflower, kale and carrots. Besides, cooked vegetables retain some of their vitamin C content.

That said, research shows that some veggies, including broccoli, are healthier raw rather than cooked. According to a study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in November , heat damages the enzyme myrosinase, which breaks down glucosinates compounds derived from glucose and an amino acid in broccoli into a compound known as sulforaphane.

Research published in the journal Carcinogenesis in December found that sulforaphane might block the proliferation of and kill precancerous cells.

A study in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences also found that sulforaphane may help fight the bacterium Helicobacter pylori , which causes ulcers and increases a person's risk of stomach cancer. On the other hand, indole, an organic compound, is formed when certain plants, particularly cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage, are cooked.

According to research in The Journal of Nutrition in , indole helps kill precancerous cells before they turn malignant. And while boiling carrots was found to increase carotenoid levels, another study found that it leads to a total loss of polyphenols, a group of chemicals found in raw carrots.

Specific polyphenols have been shown to have antioxidant properties and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, according to a report in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Comparing the healthfulness of raw and cooked food is complicated, and there are still many mysteries surrounding how the different molecules in plants interact with the human body.

The bottom line, says Liu, is to eat your veggies and fruits no matter how they're prepared. March 31, 4 min read. Buy them frozen to use in smoothies or in a Blueberry Peach Crisp.

When they're in season, enjoy a bowl of fresh blueberries. Sprinkle fresh berries on your cereal or oatmeal, use frozen ones in smoothies or bake them into pies such as More Momma's Blackberry Mountain Pie.

Use berries in unexpected ways to bring out the flavor of meats, including this recipe for Raspberry Wings. This tiny antioxidant powerhouse is available in fresh, bottled, minced or powdered form to use in Garlic Chicken with Balsamic Vinegar or another savory dish. Roasting a head of garlic mellows its flavor and makes a soft, delicious spread for bread.

Apples have more antioxidants with the peel on, so just wash and enjoy for the perfect snack, or chop and add to chicken or tuna salad. You can also bake them in a pie , cobbler or Apple Crisp. Add fresh strawberries to cereal and salads , or combine them with angel food cake and whipped topping for a summertime dessert.

Fresh or frozen strawberries pump up antioxidant power in smoothies and desserts, from Strawberry Mousse to Red, White and Blue Salad.

Eat red bell peppers raw with dip as a snack, or mix them into tuna or chicken salad and serve on crackers or bread. Roast peppers and use them as a topping on sandwiches, chop them for an omelet or add them to kabobs on the grill.

Ounce for ounce, cooked cabbage contains more antioxidants than raw. Steam, boil or microwave red cabbage for a nutritious side dish. In general, antioxidants commonly found in apple peels include procyanidins, catechin, chlorogenic acid and quercetin, per the Department of Food Science at Cornell University.

Apple flesh includes these antioxidants as well with the exception of quercetin, which is found exclusively in the peel , but in much lower quantities than the peel. One medium Gala apple also contains some manganese and vitamin E, plus 4 grams of fiber.

Avocados also contain carotenoids, which are antioxidants made by plants. One avocado also provides 28 percent of the DV for vitamin E, 22 percent of the DV for vitamin C, 12 percent of the DV for manganese and small amounts of selenium. Try them in these avocado recipes that aren't toast or guacamole.

Nutrition Nutrition Basics Vitamins and Minerals in Food. Video of the Day. How Many Antioxidants Do You Need? Small Red Beans. Antioxidant-rich red beans are a staple in bean and rice dishes — and as a bonus, you get a complete protein when you combine these two foods.

Wild Blueberries. Red Kidney Beans. Pinto Beans. Toss cranberries into homemade cookie batter, trail mix and over salads for some tang.

Add prunes to your oatmeal for breakfast to boost your antioxidant intake in the morning. Red Delicious Apples. Tip When you can, leave the peel on your apple: According to the study, polyphenols were five times more abundant in the apple skin than in the flesh.

Granny Smith Apples. Antioxidant-rich Granny Smith apples are great for baked desserts because they don't break down under heat. Sweet Cherries. Black Plums.

Russet Potatoes. Herbs like rosemary and sage are known for being foods rich in antioxidants too, so sprinkle them on your roasted potatoes. Black Beans. Gala Apples. For quick reference, refer to the top foods high in antioxidants chart below.

Source s : USDA. National Institutes of Health: "Antioxidants: In Depth" Cleveland Clinic: "23 Foods That Are Good for Your Skin" Harvard T. Chan School of Public Health: "Antioxidants" Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: "Lipophilic and Hydrophilic Antioxidant Capacities of Common Foods in the United States" United States Department of Agriculture: "Dietary Guidelines for Americans" International Journal of Molecular Sciences: "Polyphenol-Rich Dry Common Beans Phaseolus vulgaris L.

Up-Regulate Endothelial-Type Nitric-Oxide Synthase Gene Expression in Human Endothelial Cells" International Journal of Oncology: "Luteolin induces apoptotic cell death via antioxidant activity in human colon cancer cells" Journal of Zhejiang University Science: "Survey of antioxidant capacity and phenolic composition of blueberry, blackberry, and strawberry in Nanjing" MyFoodData: "Blackberries" Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease: "Chapter 68 - Vascular Protective Effects of Fruit Polyphenols" MyFoodData: "Prunes Dried Plums " Harvard T.

Chan School of Public Health: "Fiber" Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: "Comparison of flavonoid composition of red raspberries Rubus idaeus L. grown in the southern United States" Nutrients: "Quercetin, Inflammation and Immunity" MyFoodData: "Raspberries" MyFoodData: "Strawberries" Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: "Which Polyphenolic Compounds Contribute to the Total Antioxidant Activities of Apple?

Antioxidants | The Nutrition Source | Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Lucky for chocolate lovers, dark chocolate is nutritious. Be sure to include them as part of a balanced diet. Panche, A. The vitamin E isoforms α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol have opposite associations with spirometric parameters: the CARDIA study. While all beans have health benefits, the more colorful beans, such as red and black, may have an added bonus.
14 of the Healthiest Vegetables Around Try them in these avocado recipes that aren't toast or guacamole. Try them in these savory apple recipes. Beverages, Tea, Green, Brewed, Regular. Don't like the taste? Share this article. By Rachael Ajmera, MS, RD.
Here are the ingredients to grab for fighting free Antiviral disease prevention, Digestion-boosting tips to two registered dietitians. Kristy Del Sntioxidant Antiviral disease prevention a registered dietitian nutritionist, RDN, and vegetablds trained vegetabled with more than 10 years of experience in the field of culinary nutrition. Her strong background in nutrition science, sustainable food systems, and culinary education makes her exceptionally qualified to write about food that is good for us and the planet—while not sacrificing flavor. Haley is a Wisconsin-based creative freelancer and recent graduate. She has worked as an editor, fact checker, and copywriter for various digital and print publications.

Fresh antioxidant vegetables -

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Antioxidants Basel. Joachim M. Dotto, James S. The potential of pumpkin seeds as a functional food ingredient: A review. Scientific African. Volume 10, Impact of Polyphenolic-Food on Longevity: An Elixir of Life. An Overview. Use limited data to select advertising. Create profiles for personalised advertising.

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List of Partners vendors. By Betty Gold is the former senior digital food editor at Real Simple. Betty Gold. MAX study, 13, French men and women took a single daily capsule that contained mg vitamin C, 30 mg vitamin E, 6 mg beta-carotene, mcg selenium, and 20 mg zinc, or a placebo, for seven and a half years.

The vitamins had no effect on overall rates of cardiovascular disease. Lung disease A study from the Journal of Respiratory Research found that different isoforms of vitamin E called tocopherols had opposing effects on lung function.

Cancer When it comes to cancer prevention, the picture remains inconclusive for antioxidant supplements. MAX randomized placebo-controlled trial showed a reduction in cancer risk and all-cause mortality among men taking an antioxidant cocktail low doses of vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, selenium, and zinc but no apparent effect in women, possibly because men tended to have low blood levels of beta-carotene and other vitamins at the beginning of the study.

Age-related eye disease A six-year trial, the Age-Related Eye Disease Study AREDS , found that a combination of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and zinc offered some protection against the development of advanced age-related macular degeneration, but not cataracts, in people who were at high risk of the disease.

However, relatively short trials of lutein supplementation for age-related macular degeneration have yielded conflicting findings. The study found that people taking the vitamins were less likely to progress to late-stage AMD and vision loss.

However, the study authors noted that taking lutein and zeaxanthin alone or vitamin E alone did not have a beneficial effect on these eye conditions. The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial SELECT Eye Endpoints Study, which followed 11, men for a mean of five years, did not find that vitamin E and selenium supplements, in combination or alone, protected from age-related cataracts.

It did not find that antioxidant supplements of vitamin E or selenium, alone or in combination, protected against dementia compared with a placebo. Early death A meta-analysis of 68 antioxidant supplement trials found that taking beta-carotene and vitamin A and E supplements increased the risk of dying.

It was also difficult to compare interventions because the types of supplements, the dosages taken, and the length of time they were taken varied widely.

The same authors conducted another systematic review of 78 randomized clinical trials on antioxidant supplements including beta-carotene, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium alone or in combination. The study found that both people who were healthy and those with diseases taking beta-carotene and vitamin E supplements had a higher rate of death.

The duration of the studies varied widely from one month to 12 years, with varying dosages. The first inkling came in a large trial of beta-carotene conducted among men in Finland who were heavy smokers, and therefore at high risk for developing lung cancer.

The trial was stopped early when researchers saw a significant increase in lung cancer among those taking the supplement compared to those taking the placebo.

Again, an increase in lung cancer was seen in the supplement group. MAX trial, rates of skin cancer were higher in women who were assigned to take vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, selenium, and zinc.

These results came from the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial SELECT that followed 35, men for up to 12 years. References National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health NCCIH. Antioxidants: In Depth. Carlsen MH, Halvorsen BL, Holte K, Bøhn SK, Dragland S, Sampson L, Willey C, Senoo H, Umezono Y, Sanada C, Barikmo I.

The total antioxidant content of more than foods, beverages, spices, herbs and supplements used worldwide. Nutrition journal. Semba RD, Ferrucci L, Bartali B, Urpí-Sarda M, Zamora-Ros R, Sun K, Cherubini A, Bandinelli S, Andres-Lacueva C. Resveratrol levels and all-cause mortality in older community-dwelling adults.

JAMA internal medicine. Grodstein F, Kang JH, Glynn RJ, Cook NR, Gaziano JM. Archives of internal medicine. USDA Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity ORAC of Selected Foods, Release 2 Lee IM, Cook NR, Gaziano JM, Gordon D, Ridker PM, Manson JE, Hennekens CH, Buring JE.

Lonn E, Bosch J, Yusuf S, Sheridan P, Pogue J, Arnold JM, Ross C, Arnold A, Sleight P, Probstfield J, Dagenais GR. Effects of long-term vitamin E supplementation on cardiovascular events and cancer: a randomized controlled trial.

GISSI-Prevenzione Investigators. Dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: results of the GISSI-Prevenzione trial.

The Lancet. Milman U, Blum S, Shapira C, Aronson D, Miller-Lotan R, Anbinder Y, Alshiek J, Bennett L, Kostenko M, Landau M, Keidar S.

Vitamin E supplementation reduces cardiovascular events in a subgroup of middle-aged individuals with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and the haptoglobin genotype: a prospective double-blinded clinical trial.

Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology. Hennekens CH, Buring JE, Manson JE, Stampfer M, Rosner B, Cook NR, Belanger C, LaMotte F, Gaziano JM, Ridker PM, Willett W.

Lack of effect of long-term supplementation with beta carotene on the incidence of malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular disease. New England Journal of Medicine.

Hercberg S, Galan P, Preziosi P, Bertrais S, Mennen L, Malvy D, Roussel AM, Favier A, Briançon S. The SU. MAX Study: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the health effects of antioxidant vitamins and minerals.

Cook NR, Albert CM, Gaziano JM, Zaharris E, MacFadyen J, Danielson E, Buring JE, Manson JE. Marchese ME, Kumar R, Colangelo LA, Avila PC, Jacobs DR, Gross M, Sood A, Liu K, Cook-Mills JM. The vitamin E isoforms α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol have opposite associations with spirometric parameters: the CARDIA study.

Respiratory research. Berdnikovs S, Abdala-Valencia H, McCary C, Somand M, Cole R, Garcia A, Bryce P, Cook-Mills JM. Isoforms of vitamin E have opposing immunoregulatory functions during inflammation by regulating leukocyte recruitment.

The Journal of Immunology. Duffield-Lillico AJ, Reid ME, Turnbull BW, Combs GF, Slate EH, Fischbach LA, Marshall JR, Clark LC.

Baseline characteristics and the effect of selenium supplementation on cancer incidence in a randomized clinical trial: a summary report of the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers. Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group.

Atnioxidant these powerful Frresh foods to Antiviral disease prevention shopping list to help fight heart disease, cancer, and aging. Evgetables Reeves antioxicant an experienced Joint health remedies, publisher, and fact-checker. He began his writing career reporting for The Source magazine. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, Playboy, The Washington Post, and Rolling Stone, among other publications. His book Somebody Scream: Rap Music's Rise to Prominence in the Aftershock of Black Power was nominated for a Zora Neale Hurston Award.

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