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Hypertension medication side effects

Hypertension medication side effects

For example, people taking certain CCBs may Hypertejsion to avoid eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about this. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Hypertension medication side effects -

High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy Some women have high blood pressure during pregnancy. This can put the mother and her baby at risk for problems during the pregnancy and after delivery. High blood pressure sometimes can be severe, which may lead to low birth weight or preterm birth.

High blood pressure during pregnancy can raise your risk of high blood pressure in the future. Gestational hypertension is high blood pressure that you develop while you are pregnant.

It starts after you are 20 weeks pregnant. In many cases, gestational hypertension does not harm you or your baby, and it goes away within 12 weeks after childbirth.

Some women with gestational hypertension develop preeclampsia. Chronic hypertension is high blood pressure that started before the 20th week of pregnancy or before you became pregnant.

Some women may have had high blood pressure long before becoming pregnant but were unaware until they got their blood pressure checked at their prenatal visit.

Sometimes chronic hypertension can also lead to preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a sudden increase in blood pressure after the 20th week of pregnancy and may include protein in the urine and very high blood pressure. It usually happens in the last trimester. In rare cases, symptoms may not start until after delivery.

This is called postpartum preeclampsia. Preeclampsia may cause damage to some of your organs, such as your liver or kidneys.

Preeclampsia can be serious or even life-threatening for both you and your baby. The most important thing to do is talk with your healthcare provider about any blood pressure problems so you can get the right treatment and control your blood pressure— before you get pregnant.

Getting treatment for high blood pressure is important before, during, and after pregnancy to decrease risks to you and your baby. Types of High Blood Pressure Medicines. You can use this information to help you talk to your healthcare provider about your blood pressure medicine.

The different kinds of blood pressure medicines are listed below. The medicines are listed in groups. The brand names and generic names are given for the medicines in each group. Angiotension-Converting Enzyme ACE Inhibitors. For the most complete and up-to-date information about the risks and side effects for each medicine, check Drugs FDA.

Calcium Channel Blockers. Peripherally Acting Alpha-Adrenergic Blockers. Angiotension II Antagonists. Centrally-Acting Alpha Adrenergics.

Combination Medicines. These medicines are made up of two or more different kinds of blood pressure medicines. Look for the generic or brand names of these medicines on one of the other lists in this guide.

The warnings and side effects for these medicines will be the same as those listed for each of the generic medicines. These substances include:. A fall in blood pressure when taking these drugs can lead to faintness and dizziness and a higher risk of falls, which can lead to fractures.

Similar to alpha-blockers, these drugs lower blood pressure by preventing the release of norepinephrine. Methyldopa is an alpha-2 receptor agonist.

Alpha-2 receptor agonists can cause :. A doctor may prescribe a drug with both alpha- and beta-blocker activity. The alpha-blocker activity decreases the narrowing of blood vessels, while the beta-blocker activity slows the heart rate, causing it to pump blood less forcefully.

Doctors may give combined alpha- and beta-blockers in an intravenous IV drip to people experiencing a hypertensive crisis. This is when blood pressure rises rapidly to a dangerously high level. One example of this type of drug is carvedilol Coreg. Some types of combined alpha- and beta-blockers may interact with the following medications:.

Central agonists lower blood pressure by preventing the brain from sending signals to the nervous system to increase heart rate and constrict blood vessels. Central agonists may increase the symptoms of:.

Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors PAIs block the neurotransmitters in the brain that cause blood vessels to constrict. Examples of this type of drug are:. There are several types of PAI, and the side effects differ between types.

Possible side effects include :. Anyone who wishes to stop taking tricyclic antidepressants while using a PAI should speak with a doctor.

Stopping these medications too quickly while taking certain PAIs can cause a dangerous drop in blood pressure. Some types of PAIs may not be suitable for people with certain medical conditions. These conditions include:. Vasodilators, or blood vessel dilators, relax and widen the walls of the blood vessels, allowing blood to flow through them more easily.

Direct-acting vasodilators specifically target the arteries. Two types of direct-acting vasodilators are hydralazine hydrochloride Apresoline and minoxidil Loniten.

Minoxidil is the more potent of the two drugs. Doctors usually prescribe it to people with persistent and severe high blood pressure. Hydralazine hydrochloride may cause the following side effects, which usually subside within a few weeks of beginning treatment:.

Taking erectile dysfunction medications in combination with a vasodilator can cause a life threatening drop in blood pressure. Depending on the type, vasodilators may not be suitable during pregnancy or for people with the following conditions:.

Some blood pressure medications are not safe to take during pregnancy. Some medications may be suitable during specific trimesters, while others pose risks throughout pregnancy.

People who are pregnant or planning on getting pregnant should talk with their doctor about treatment options for high blood pressure.

There are many types of blood pressure medications. A doctor will consider the underlying cause of high blood pressure, as well as other health conditions and medications. Anyone experiencing long-term or intolerable side effects from a blood pressure medication should speak with a doctor, who may prescribe an alternative.

High blood pressure hypertension often has no symptoms but, it can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and other life threatening….

Those with hypertension should avoid exercises that are high intensity or significantly raise blood pressure. Better options include gentle aerobic…. In a new study, researchers say bariatric weight loss surgery was highly effective in helping people with obesity control their blood pressure.

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Medical News Today. Health Conditions Health Products Discover Tools Connect. Blood pressure medications: Options and side effects. Medically reviewed by Jennie Olopaade, PharmD, RPH — By Charlotte Lillis — Updated on January 6, Diuretics Beta-blockers ACE inhibitors Angiotensin II receptor blockers Calcium channel blockers Alpha-blockers Alpha-2 receptor agonists Combined alpha- and beta-blockers Central agonists Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors Direct-acting vasodilators In pregnancy Summary Medications for high blood pressure can help prevent a range of complications, including heart disease and stroke.

ACE inhibitors. Angiotensin II receptor blockers. Calcium channel blockers. Alpha-2 receptor agonists. Combined alpha- and beta-blockers. Central agonists. Peripheral adrenergic inhibitors. Risks during pregnancy. How we reviewed this article: Sources.

Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and draws only from peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and associations. We avoid using tertiary references. We link primary sources — including studies, scientific references, and statistics — within each article and also list them in the resources section at the bottom of our articles.

Drug information provided by: Merative, Micromedex ®. Hydrochlorothiazide Sports nutrition advice used alone or together with other Sugar cravings and food addiction to treat effecys blood pressure hypertension. High blood medicattion adds Hypertensiion the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of heart attacks. Do Food allergies in children stop taking your blood pressure medicine without talking to your doctor or Green tea joint mobility support care team first. Many people Sugar cravings and food addiction wffects take medicine efvects addition to making lifestyle changes to help keep their blood pressure at healthy levels. Read more about blood pressure medicines. Blood pressure medicines can work several different ways. Blood pressure medicines can keep blood pressure at a healthy level by 1 :. Talk with your health care team about the best type of treatment for you. Hypertension medication side effects

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