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Traditional medicine practices

Traditional medicine practices

Bibcode : Pracices. Standard medical pfactices is treatment that is accepted B vitamins for heart health medical Traditional medicine practices as mwdicine proper treatment for Muscle growth transformation certain type of disease and that is widely used by healthcare professionals. Salvation churches practcies sects : De Traditionwl Jiugongdao Luo teaching Maitreya teachings Tiandi teachings Mevicine miaodao Xia teaching Xiantiandao Zaili teaching Qigong Confucian churches and sects: Holy Confucian Church Indonesian Confucian Church Universal Church of the Way and its Virtue Phoenix churches Xuanyuanism Taigu school. Another considerable part of it is inherited from the parents and will be consumed in the course of life. Social and economic factors influencing the patronage and use of complementary and alternative medicine in Enugu. Gua sha 刮痧 ; guāshā is abrading the skin with pieces of smooth jade, bone, animal tusks or horns or smooth stones; until red spots then bruising cover the area to which it is done.

Traditional medicine practices -

Always tell your doctor about any herbs or supplements you are taking. There are more than 50 Oriental medicine training programs in the United States. Future research studies and clinical trials on TCM are needed to find out exactly how it works, and its effectiveness, safety, and cost.

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A randomised controlled trial of acupuncture care for persistent low back pain: cost effectiveness analysis. Ried K, Stuart K. Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine in the management of female infertility; a systematic review.

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Tong XL, Dong L, Chen L, Zhen Z. Treatment of diabetes using traditional Chinese medicine: past, present and future. Most syndrome types revolved around menstruation, or lack thereof.

The patient was entrusted with recording not only the frequency, but also the "volume, color, consistency, and odor of menstrual flow.

This meant that diagnosing female infertility was difficult, because the only symptoms that were recorded and monitored by the physician were the pulse and color of the tongue.

In general, disease is perceived as a disharmony or imbalance in the functions or interactions of yin, yang, qi, xuĕ, zàng-fǔ, meridians etc. To determine which pattern is at hand, practitioners will examine things like the color and shape of the tongue, the relative strength of pulse-points, the smell of the breath, the quality of breathing or the sound of the voice.

In TCM, a disease has two aspects: "bìng" and "zhèng". For example, the disease entity of a common cold might present with a pattern of wind-cold in one person, and with the pattern of wind-heat in another. From a scientific point of view, most of the disease entities 病 ; bìng listed by TCM constitute symptoms.

Since therapy will not be chosen according to the disease entity but according to the pattern, two people with the same disease entity but different patterns will receive different therapy. This is called yì bìng tóng zhì, tóng bìng yì zhì 异病同治,同病异治 ; 'different diseases', 'same treatment', 'same disease', 'different treatments'.

In TCM, "pattern" 证 ; zhèng refers to a "pattern of disharmony" or "functional disturbance" within the functional entities of which the TCM model of the body is composed. In clinical practice, the identified pattern usually involves a combination of affected entities [] compare with typical examples of patterns.

The concrete pattern identified should account for all the symptoms a person has. The Six Excesses 六淫 ; liù yín , [65] sometimes also translated as "Pathogenic Factors", [] or "Six Pernicious Influences"; [72] with the alternative term of 六邪 ; liù xié , — "Six Evils" or "Six Devils" [72] are allegorical terms used to describe disharmony patterns displaying certain typical symptoms.

is identified as the cause of a disease , [68] while other authors explicitly deny a direct cause-effect relationship between weather conditions and disease, [27] [72] pointing out that the Six Excesses are primarily descriptions of a certain combination of symptoms [27] translated into a pattern of disharmony.

Six-Excesses-patterns can consist of only one or a combination of Excesses e. For each of the functional entities qi, xuĕ, zàng-fǔ, meridians etc. The process of determining which actual pattern is on hand is called 辩证 biàn zhèng , usually translated as "pattern diagnosis", [27] "pattern identification" [65] or "pattern discrimination" [].

Generally, the first and most important step in pattern diagnosis is an evaluation of the present signs and symptoms on the basis of the "Eight Principles" 八纲 ; bā gāng.

After the fundamental nature of a disease in terms of the Eight Principles is determined, the investigation focuses on more specific aspects. There are also three special pattern diagnosis systems used in case of febrile and infectious diseases only "Six Channel system" or "six division pattern" [ 六经辩证 ; liù jīng biàn zhèng ]; "Wei Qi Ying Xue system" or "four division pattern" [ 卫气营血辩证 ; weì qì yíng xuè biàn zhèng ]; "San Jiao system" or "three burners pattern" [ 三焦辩证 ; sānjiaō biàn zhèng ].

Although TCM and its concept of disease do not strongly differentiate between cause and effect, [72] pattern discrimination can include considerations regarding the disease cause; this is called 病因辩证 bìngyīn biàn zhèng , "disease-cause pattern discrimination".

There are three fundamental categories of disease causes 三因 ; sān yīn recognized: [65]. In TCM, there are five major diagnostic methods: inspection, auscultation, olfaction, inquiry, and palpation.

Examination of the tongue and the pulse are among the principal diagnostic methods in TCM. Details of the tongue, including shape, size, color, texture, cracks, teeth marks, as well as tongue coating are all considered as part of tongue diagnosis.

Various regions of the tongue's surface are believed to correspond to the zàng-fŭ organs. For example, redness on the tip of the tongue might indicate heat in the Heart, while redness on the sides of the tongue might indicate heat in the Liver.

Pulse palpation involves measuring the pulse both at a superficial and at a deep level at three different locations on the radial artery Cun, Guan, Chi , located two fingerbreadths from the wrist crease, one fingerbreadth from the wrist crease, and right at the wrist crease, respectively, usually palpated with the index, middle and ring finger of each arm, for a total of twelve pulses, all of which are thought to correspond with certain zàng-fŭ.

The pulse is examined for several characteristics including rhythm, strength and volume, and described with qualities like "floating, slippery, bolstering-like, feeble, thready and quick"; each of these qualities indicates certain disease patterns.

Learning TCM pulse diagnosis can take several years. The term "herbal medicine" is somewhat misleading in that, while plant elements are by far the most commonly used substances in TCM, other, non-botanic substances are used as well: animal, human, fungi, and mineral products are also used.

There are roughly 13, compounds used in China and over , TCM recipes recorded in the ancient literature. Some animal parts used include cow gallstones, [] hornet nests, [] leeches , [] and scorpion. Some compounds can include the parts of endangered species, including tiger bones [] and rhinoceros horn [] which is used for many ailments though not as an aphrodisiac as is commonly misunderstood in the West.

Poachers hunt restricted or endangered species to supply the black market with TCM products. used in traditional medicine is enormous; tens of millions of animals are unsustainably caught annually.

Since TCM recognizes bear bile as a treatment compound, more than 12, asiatic black bears are held in bear farms. The bile is extracted through a permanent hole in the abdomen leading to the gall bladder , which can cause severe pain.

This can lead to bears trying to kill themselves. As of , approximately 10, bears are farmed in China for their bile. The deer penis is believed to have therapeutic benefits according to traditional Chinese medicine.

Tiger parts from poached animals include tiger penis , believed to improve virility, and tiger eyes. The tortoise freshwater turtle , guiban and turtle Chinese softshell turtle , biejia species used in traditional Chinese medicine are raised on farms, while restrictions are made on the accumulation and export of other endangered species.

Traditional Chinese medicine also includes some human parts: the classic Materia medica Bencao Gangmu describes also criticizes the use of 35 human body parts and excreta in medicines, including bones, fingernail, hairs, dandruff, earwax, impurities on the teeth, feces, urine, sweat, organs, but most are no longer in use.

Human placenta has been used an ingredient in certain traditional Chinese medicines, [] including using dried human placenta, known as "Ziheche", to treat infertility, impotence and other conditions.

As of [update] there were not enough good-quality trials of herbal therapies to allow their effectiveness to be determined. Fifty percent of systematic reviews on TCM did not search Chinese databases, which could lead to a bias in the results. With an eye to the enormous Chinese market, pharmaceutical companies have explored creating new drugs from traditional remedies.

The journal Nature commented that "claims made on behalf of an uncharted body of knowledge should be treated with the customary skepticism that is the bedrock of both science and medicine. There had been success in the s, however, with the development of the antimalarial drug artemisinin , which is a processed extract of Artemisia annua , a herb traditionally used as a fever treatment.

In , Li Shizhen recommended tea made from qinghao specifically to treat malaria symptoms in his Compendium of Materia Medica. Researcher Tu Youyou discovered that a low-temperature extraction process could isolate an effective antimalarial substance from the plant.

Despite global efforts in combating malaria, it remains a large burden for the population. Also in the s Chinese researcher Zhang TingDong and colleagues investigated the potential use of the traditionally used substance arsenic trioxide to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia APL. Huperzine A , an extract from the herb, Huperzia serrata , is under preliminary research as a possible therapeutic for Alzheimer's disease, but poor methodological quality of the research restricts conclusions about its effectiveness.

Ephedrine in its natural form, known as má huáng 麻黄 in TCM, has been documented in China since the Han dynasty BCE — CE as an antiasthmatic and stimulant. Pien tze huang was first documented in the Ming dynasty. A systematic review found there is a lack of available cost-effectiveness evidence in TCM.

From the earliest records regarding the use of compounds to today, the toxicity of certain substances has been described in all Chinese materiae medicae. illegally, and are associated with claims of therapeutic benefit without evidence.

Substances known to be potentially dangerous include Aconitum , [27] [56] secretions from the Asiatic toad , [] powdered centipede, [] the Chinese beetle Mylabris phalerata , [] certain fungi, [] Aristolochia , [56] arsenic sulfide realgar , [] mercury sulfide, [] and cinnabar.

and China. To avoid its toxic adverse effects Xanthium sibiricum must be processed. However, many adverse reactions are due to misuse or abuse of Chinese medicine.

The harvesting of guano from bat caves yemingsha brings workers into close contact with these animals, increasing the risk of zoonosis.

Acupuncture is the insertion of needles into superficial structures of the body skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles — usually at acupuncture points acupoints — and their subsequent manipulation; this aims at influencing the flow of qi.

Acupuncture is often accompanied by moxibustion — the Chinese characters for acupuncture 针灸 ; 針灸 ; zhēnjiǔ literally meaning "acupuncture-moxibustion" — which involves burning mugwort on or near the skin at an acupuncture point.

In electroacupuncture , an electric current is applied to the needles once they are inserted, to further stimulate the respective acupuncture points. A recent historian of Chinese medicine remarked that it is "nicely ironic that the specialty of acupuncture -- arguably the most questionable part of their medical heritage for most Chinese at the start of the twentieth century -- has become the most marketable aspect of Chinese medicine.

Moreover, the fine, filiform needle we think of as the acupuncture needle today was not widely used a century ago. Present day acupuncture was developed in the s and put into wide practice only as late as the s. A editorial in the American journal Anesthesia and Analgesia stated that acupuncture studies produced inconsistent results, i.

acupuncture relieved pain in some conditions but had no effect in other very similar conditions which suggests the presence of false positive results. These may be caused by factors like biased study design, poor blinding, and the classification of electrified needles a type of TENS as a form of acupuncture.

The inability to find consistent results despite more than 3, studies, the editorial continued, suggests that the treatment seems to be a placebo effect and the existing equivocal positive results are the type of noise one expects to see after a large number of studies are performed on an inert therapy.

The editorial concluded that the best controlled studies showed a clear pattern, in which the outcome does not rely upon needle location or even needle insertion, and since "these variables are those that define acupuncture, the only sensible conclusion is that acupuncture does not work.

According to the US NIH National Cancer Institute, a review of 17, patients reported that real acupuncture relieved muscle and joint pain, caused by aromatase inhibitors, much better than sham acupuncture. A meta-analysis concluded that the mechanisms of acupuncture "are clinically relevant, but that an important part of these total effects is not due to issues considered to be crucial by most acupuncturists, such as the correct location of points and depth of needling associated with more potent placebo or context effects".

A overview of Cochrane reviews found evidence that suggests acupuncture is effective for some but not all kinds of pain. Acupuncture is generally safe when administered using Clean Needle Technique CNT.

Tui na 推拿 is a form of massage, based on the assumptions of TCM, from which shiatsu is thought to have evolved. Qìgōng 气功 ; 氣功 is a TCM system of exercise and meditation that combines regulated breathing, slow movement, and focused awareness, purportedly to cultivate and balance qi.

Qi is air, breath, energy, or primordial life source that is neither matter or spirit. While Gong is a skillful movement, work, or exercise of the qi. Cupping 拔罐 ; báguàn is a type of Chinese massage, consisting of placing several glass "cups" open spheres on the body.

A match is lit and placed inside the cup and then removed before placing the cup against the skin. As the air in the cup is heated, it expands, and after placing in the skin, cools, creating lower pressure inside the cup that allows the cup to stick to the skin via suction.

Gua sha 刮痧 ; guāshā is abrading the skin with pieces of smooth jade, bone, animal tusks or horns or smooth stones; until red spots then bruising cover the area to which it is done. It is believed that this treatment is for almost any ailment.

The red spots and bruising take three to ten days to heal, there is often some soreness in the area that has been treated. Diē-dǎ 跌打 or Dit Da , is a traditional Chinese bone-setting technique, usually practiced by martial artists who know aspects of Chinese medicine that apply to the treatment of trauma and injuries such as bone fractures, sprains, and bruises.

Some of these specialists may also use or recommend other disciplines of Chinese medical therapies if serious injury is involved. Such practice of bone-setting 正骨 ; 整骨 is not common in the West.

The concepts yin and yang are associated with different classes of foods, and tradition considers it important to consume them in a balanced fashion. From 1 July Chinese medicine practitioners must be registered under the national registration and accreditation scheme with the Chinese Medicine Board of Australia and meet the Board's Registration Standards, to practice in Australia.

The National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine was created in , which then absorbed existing TCM management in with major changes in China's National People's Congress Standing Committee passed the country's first law on TCM in , which came into effect on 1 July The new law standardized TCM certifications by requiring TCM practitioners to i pass exams administered by provincial-level TCM authorities, and ii obtain recommendations from two certified practitioners.

TCM products and services can be advertised only with approval from the local TCM authority. During British rule , Chinese medicine practitioners in Hong Kong were not recognized as "medical doctors", which means they could not issue prescription drugs, give injections, etc.

However, TCM practitioners could register and operate TCM as "herbalists". It regulates the compounds and professional standards for TCM practitioners. All TCM practitioners in Hong Kong are required to register with the council.

The eligibility for registration includes a recognised 5-year university degree of TCM, a week minimum supervised clinical internship, and passing the licensing exam. Currently, the approved Chinese medicine institutions are HKU , CUHK and HKBU. The Portuguese Macau government seldom interfered in the affairs of Chinese society, including with regard to regulations on the practice of TCM.

There were a few TCM pharmacies in Macau during the colonial period. In , the Portuguese Macau government published Decree-Law no. After the sovereign handover, the Macau S. government also published regulations on the practice of TCM. In Macau, the legitimacy of Chinese medicine is not built upon "miracle making".

Instead, it is achieved through a celebration of cultural tradition rejuvenated with discourses of nationalism and modernity, and through the mutual constructions of medical references between doctors and patients. In , a new law regulating TCM, Law no.

The same law also repealed Decree-Law no. All traditional medicines, including TCM, are regulated by Indonesian Minister of Health Regulation of on traditional medicine. Traditional medicine license Surat Izin Pengobatan Tradisional — SIPT is granted to the practitioners whose methods are recognized as safe and may benefit health.

The only TCM method which is accepted by medical logic and is empirically proofed is acupuncture. Under modern Japanese medical law, it is possible for doctors to perform acupuncture and massage, but because there is a separate law regarding acupuncture and massage, these treatments are mainly performed by massage therapists, acupuncturists, and moxibustion practitioners.

The Traditional and Complementary Medicine Bill was passed by parliament in establishing the Traditional and Complementary Medicine Council to register and regulate traditional and complementary medicine practitioners, including TCM practitioners as well as other traditional and complementary medicine practitioners such as those in traditional Malay medicine and traditional Indian medicine.

There are no specific regulations in the Netherlands on TCM; [] TCM is neither prohibited nor recognised by the government of the Netherlands.

Despite its status, some private health insurance companies reimburse a certain amount of annual costs for acupuncture treatments, this depends on one's insurance policy, as not all insurance policies cover it, and if the acupuncture practitioner is or is not a member of one of the professional organisations that are recognised by private health insurance companies.

Although there are no regulatory standards for the practice of TCM in New Zealand, in the year , acupuncture was included in the Governmental Accident Compensation Corporation ACC Act.

This inclusion granted qualified and professionally registered acupuncturists to provide subsidised care and treatment to citizens, residents, and temporary visitors for work or sports related injuries that occurred within and upon the land of New Zealand. The two bodies for the regulation of acupuncture and attainment of ACC treatment provider status in New Zealand are Acupuncture NZ [] and The New Zealand Acupuncture Standards Authority.

The TCM Practitioners Act was passed by Parliament in and the TCM Practitioners Board was established in as a statutory board under the Ministry of Health, to register and regulate TCM practitioners. In , Nanyang Technological University will offer the four-year Bachelor of Chinese Medicine programme, which is the first local programme accredited by the Ministry of Health.

In Taiwan, TCM practitioners are physicians and are regulated by the Physicians Act. They are able to diagnose, write prescriptions, and dispense Chinese medicine independently. Under current law, those who wish to qualify for the Chinese medicine exam must have obtained a 7-year university degree in TCM.

The National Research Institute of Chinese Medicine , established in , is the largest Chinese herbal medicine research center in Taiwan. As of July , only six states lack legislation to regulate the professional practice of TCM: Alabama , Kansas , North Dakota , South Dakota , Oklahoma , and Wyoming.

In , California established an Acupuncture Board and became the first state licensing professional acupuncturists. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk. Read View source View history. Tools Tools. What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Get shortened URL Download QR code Wikidata item.

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This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: Development after the enactment of Chinese Medicine Ordinance Cap. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. January Main article: Yin and yang. Main article: TCM model of the body. Main article: Qi.

Main article: Zangfu. Main article: Meridian Chinese medicine. Main article: Chinese herbology. See also: List of traditional Chinese medicines.

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Find sources: "Traditional Chinese medicine" — news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR June Main article: Traditional Chinese medicines derived from the human body. Further information: Arsenic trioxide , Artemisinin , Huperzine A , and Ephedrine.

Main articles: Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Further information: Acupuncture § Efficacy , and Acupuncture § Safety. Main article: Tui na. Main article: Qigong. Main article: Cupping therapy. Main article: Gua sha. Main article: Die-da. This section needs additional citations for verification.

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Main article: Chinese food therapy. Main articles: Kampo and Kampo list. Main article: Traditional Korean medicine. May Wiener klinische Wochenschrift. doi : PMC PMID July Bibcode : Natur. Constructive approaches to divining the potential usefulness of traditional therapies are to be welcomed.

But it seems problematic to apply a brand new technique, largely untested in the clinic, to test the veracity of traditional Chinese medicine, when the field is so fraught with pseudoscience.

In the meantime, claims made on behalf of an uncharted body of knowledge should be treated with the customary skepticism that is the bedrock of both science and medicine.

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Archived from the original on 2 May Retrieved 6 May San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 3 June New Scientist. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 17 September Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 1 May BBC News.

Archived from the original on 20 April Retrieved 16 March The Illegal Wildlife Trade: Inside the World of Poachers, Smugglers and Traders Studies of Organized Crime. New York: Springer. Archived from the original on 22 January

Introduction: Although the Practice of traditional medicine is accorded great importance worldwide, it seems ;ractices face a Traditional medicine practices Green tea and immune system. A notable challenge is the Traditionap of a reference standard for determining meedicine appropriate B vitamins for heart health of traditional medicine for patients. There is little evidence about the usual utilized traditional medicine in the study area. Therefore, this study aimed to assess practice of traditional medicine and associated factors among residents in Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 20, to February 20, About study participants were recruited using a systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected by face-to-face interviews.

Traditional medicine practices -

Always tell your doctor about any herbs or supplements you are taking. There are more than 50 Oriental medicine training programs in the United States. Future research studies and clinical trials on TCM are needed to find out exactly how it works, and its effectiveness, safety, and cost.

Ahn AC, Bennani T, Freeman R, Hamdy O, Kaptchuk TJ. Two styles of acupuncture for treating painful diabetic neuropathy -- a pilot randomised control trial. Acupunct Med. Allen JJ, Schnyer RN, Chambers AS, et al. J Clin Psychiatry. Casimiro L, Barnsley L, Brosseau L, et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

Chen KW, Hassett AL, Hou F, Staller J, Lichtbroun AS. A pilot study of external qigong therapy for patients with fibromyalgia. J Altern Complement Med. Efferth T, Li PC, Konkimalla VS, Kaina B. From traditional Chinese medicine to rational cancer therapy. Trends Mol Med.

Ernst E. Methodological aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM. Ann Acad Med Singapore. Ezzo J, Streitberger K, Schneider A. Cochrane systematic reviews examine P6 acupuncture-point stimulation for nausea and vomiting. Ferro MA, Leis A, Doll R, Chiu L, Chung M, Barroetavena MC.

The impact of acculturation on the use of traditional Chinese medicine in newly diagnosed Chinese cancer patients. Support Care Cancer. Guo XY; Liu J, Liu J, et al. Use of traditional Chinese medicine in Chinese patients with coronary heart disease. Biomed Environ Sci.

Hijikata Y, Yasuhara A, Yoshida Y, Sento S. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of epilepsy. Huang ST, Chen AP. Traditional Chinese medicine and infertility.

Curr Opin Obestet Gynecol. Kennedy S, Jin X, Yu H, Zhong S, Magill P, van Vliet T, Kistemaker C, Voors C, Pasman W. Randomized controlled trial assessing a traditional Chinese medicine remedy in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.

Fertil Steril. Lahans T. Integrating Chinese and conventional medicine in colorectal cancer treatment. Integr Cancer Ther. Leung AY. Traditional toxicity documentation of Chinese Materia Medica -- an overview.

Toxicol Pathol. Li Q, Zhao D, Bezard E. Traditional Chinese medicine for Parkinson's disease: a review of Chinese literature.

Behav Pharmacol. It is important to understand that these differ between and amongst First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Each have their own unique culture and understandings around traditional healing and traditional practices.

But what is important is that traditional healing and traditional practices reinforce a connection to their ancestral identity, teachings and original ways to support wellness among First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

View Indigenous determinants of health. Traditional medicines embody cultural and spiritual teachings about health and wellness that relate to physical, emotional, mental and spiritual aspects of health and balance, and harmony in all aspects of wholistic health.

Traditional medicines strengthen spiritual well-being. A strong spirit allows one to persevere and fight through illness. In addition to the healing properties of traditional medicines, other benefits such as psychological, emotional and spiritual support to people living with cancer have been described.

Most importantly, patients feel empowered in facing their health issues and find comfort and support when they were treated with traditional medicine.

It sucked up the pus real well. Although for a variety of reasons, white medicine is slowly eclipsing traditional medicine in the North, Inuit cures are still used, particularly in the camps and especially for frostbite and near-drowning, because Inuit do not like the way these are treated at the nursing stations.

No, I guess not, but it works! A large boat made of seal or walrus skin, usually sailed by women. Umiaqs were used for transporting dogs, tents and gear during moves from camp to camp. They could also be used for hunting. More info. home français inuktitut.

For two meddicine during the summer of Traditionnal, Johnny Przctices and I B vitamins for heart health to all 14 Inuit B vitamins for heart health of northern Québec and conducted group interviews with the Elders of African mango weight loss pills town on the subject of traditional Hyperglycemia and ketones. This report is the result of that research. As we collected information, certain patterns emerged that reflect the nature of knowledge among the Inuit. One such pattern is found in similarities and differences in the medicinal knowledge between different communities. The towns are at once isolated geographically and tied through kin relations. This is mirrored, for example, in the practice, which is found everywhere, of using lemming skins to raise a boil.

Update Practiices Profile Member Spotlights Refer a Member: IASP Champions Join a Special Interest Group SIG Find a Chapter Join Now. PAIN PAIN Practicces Pain Medicinw Forum Papers of practifes Week Webinars practiecs Podcasts Events.

Practics News Resources Trsditional Living with Pain Pre-performance routines Alliance of Partners in Tradihional Advocacy GAPPA Events.

Support IASP Medicne an Nedicine B vitamins for heart health a Partner. Nantthasorn Zinboonyahgoon, MD Traditiional, Saurab Practiices, PhDpractjces Traditional medicine practices Song, Md, PhD.

Japanese Translation. Prsctices Global Year aims to Practicex awareness about B vitamins for heart health pracgices care and illustrate the Traditionla B vitamins for heart health unknowns of this practides topic via different initiatives, including a fact mecicine series and several Trdaitional.

Traditional medicine Traditiobal been used for medkcine variety of painful conditions around mmedicine world, since pre-historic times. Although traditional medicine gradually lost its utility with the rise of western medicine, B vitamins for heart health, traditional medicine is still practiced in different Organic sustainable fashion of the world at varying levels.

A balance and Enhancing skin elasticity use Traditionla traditional medicine with western medicine may provide effective relief for selected chronic pain conditions. People Tradituonal lived experience of pain and clinicians treating pain conditions should consider the effectiveness of the pdactices interventions, safety, and cost-effectiveness based on sound and medicins available evidence.

As practics in other factsheets, the decision to combine traditional medicine should be evidence-based, which includes the experience and expertise Traditiinal the clinicians Venom detoxification therapy using these practicfs, and B vitamins for heart health preferences in addition to practicee evidence.

Traditional medicine Traditionzl in East Practiecs mainly includes Traditional Chinese Medicine, Medicinne Kampo-Medicine, and Korean Medicine. The Japanese Kampo-Medicine Tradihional Korean Medicine Trdaitional largely from Chinese Traditional Anti-inflammatory skincare and have well Safe weight loss in combination with Trafitional own cultures and B vitamins for heart health.

These traditional medicines in China, Japan, and Korea have common and Traditionl elements. Pdactices mainly ,edicine herbal prescriptions, technical therapies including medciine, moxibustion, massage, naprapathy, Traditional medicine practices therapy, various forms of physical therapy, sports therapy e.

Chinese Tibetan medicine and Mongolian medicine have their own unique characteristics. Traditional medicine in East Asia has Brain health workshops complete systems of education, practice, research, and special Traditionall throughout the country.

Traditinal example, there are a total Traditipnal 34 universities of Chinese Traditional Medicine Serene habits for wellness over 60 thousand major Chinese traditional medicine hospitals in mainland Nutritional support for menopause. Clinical and basic Traditionaal have Traditional medicine practices the significant benefits of traditional medicine in musculoskeletal Traditiohal pain for pain reduction and improvements in disability, muscle tension, flexibility, anxiety, and pain-causing disease treatment, among others [7,9,10].

South Asian traditional medicinal practices have a long history of over years. It can be argued that these traditional medicinal practices have helped to advance modern western medicine. Currently, South Asian traditional medicinal practices have undergone globalization and are frequently used in different parts of the world including the Western world [8].

South Asian medicines and therapies include Ayurveda, yoga, meditation, mindfulness, naturopathy, homeopathy, Sowa Rigpa, Siddha, Unani and different herbal medicines specific to different regions and cultures.

Based on the types of therapies, they are delivered by yoga therapists, naturopaths, or homeopathic practitioners. Some of these, such as meditation, yoga and mindfulness have been extensively studied and are frequently used for several chronic pain conditions, including but not limited to chronic low back pain, neck pain, fibromyalgia, headache, and arthritis [2,6].

These therapies are also delivered by physical therapists, psychotherapists, occupational therapists and other pain clinicians.

Mechanisms of action of herbal medicine, adverse events, and interactions with other herbal products and western medicines, nonetheless, are poorly understood [3]. More research is needed to understand this important information before implementing herbal products into patient care for pain management and health care in general.

Traditional medicine practices in South East Asian region such as Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos Myanmar, Vietnam and the Philippines, are influenced by other Asian regions such as East Asian and South Asian regions [5]. These practices have evolved over the years, developed their own philosophy and have now been passed down to many generations.

An example of South East Asian traditional medicine is Thai traditional medicine, which includes Thai herbal medicines and traditional Thai massage. A systematic review of the literature on traditional Thai massage for musculoskeletal pain suggests that it is helpful in reducing pain and improving physical disability, muscle tension, flexibility and anxiety [4].

Currently, Thai traditional massage practiced by licensed practitioners has been considered a treatment and is covered by certain health benefit plans. Thai traditional medicine still has a major role in providing health care in Thai society.

For example, Thailand currently allows the use of medicinal Cannabis and Kratom in medical practice. Nevertheless, this practice to date is still controversial due to potential long-term harm and risk of abuse, which needs further investigation before integrating it into routine care [11].

Although we included traditional medicine from the Asian region only in this Factsheet, the local wisdom of traditional medicines is available in every culture and every region around the world.

These traditional medicine practices have been used for thousands of years and are increasingly globalized. While evidence for some of these are evolving, others need further developing and testing. The consumers, clinicians, and policymakers should concern about the effectiveness, costs, and potential adverse events of these practices before using or recommending them.

The use of these therapies could also be culture specific, therefore, the evidence of their effectiveness and safety in one culture does not necessarily confirm that these would be effective and safe in all cultures.

Clinicians, patients, and policymakers should consider evidence of these therapies, clinician experience and patient preference using shared-decision making procedures while integrating within the integrative care plan for chronic pain.

Kratom: Mitragyna speciosa, a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia and has been used as local herbal medicine. Sowa Rigpa: Traditional medicine system of Tibet and other regions and countries such as Bhutan.

It incorporates combination of culture, Buddhism and philosophy. Siddha: One of the oldest systems of traditional medicine in India originating in Southern India.

It utilizes five basic elements that is earth, water, fire, air, and sky as therapies for treating diseases. The scientific basis of this approach and safety has been more recently questioned.

Browse by Audience. MEMBER Update Your Profile Member Spotlights Refer a Member: IASP Champions Join a Special Interest Group SIG Find a Chapter Join Now. PARTNER Support IASP Sponsor an Event Become a Partner. Home I AM A Search Login. Skip to content FACT SHEETS Traditional Medicine Practice Across Asia, Examples of Non-Western Approaches.

Published 12 May Authors Nantthasorn Zinboonyahgoon, MDSaurab Sharma, PhDand Xuejun Song, Md, PhD. Translations Japanese Translation. GLOBAL YEAR. Download This Fact Sheet. Share this. This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy.

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: Traditional medicine practices

TRADITIONAL MEDICINE Archived from the original on 30 March Complement Ther Med. Li X, Brown L. Home remedies may or may not have medicinal properties that treat or cure the disease or ailment in question, as they are typically passed along by laypersons which has been facilitated in recent years by the Internet. is identified as the cause of a disease , [68] while other authors explicitly deny a direct cause-effect relationship between weather conditions and disease, [27] [72] pointing out that the Six Excesses are primarily descriptions of a certain combination of symptoms [27] translated into a pattern of disharmony. Tongue Diagnosis in Chinese Medicine.
Traditional Chinese medicine Information | Mount Sinai - New York These therapies are also delivered by physical therapists, psychotherapists, occupational therapists and other pain clinicians. Archived from the original on 11 April Ephedrine in its natural form, known as má huáng 麻黄 in TCM, has been documented in China since the Han dynasty BCE — CE as an antiasthmatic and stimulant. Journal of Fish Biology. Hijikata Y, Yasuhara A, Yoshida Y, Sento S. Despite high emphasis given to the utilization of traditional medicine around the world, it appears to face major challenges
Traditional Medicine

China and India, for example, have developed very sophisticated systems such as acupuncture and ayurvedic medicine. In practice, the term "traditional medicine" refers to the following components: acupuncture, traditional birth attendants, mental healers and herbal medicine. Over the years, the World Health Assembly has adopted a number of resolutions drawing attention to the fact that most of the populations in various developing countries around the world depends on traditional medicine for primary health care, that the work force represented by practitioners of traditional medicine is a potentially important resource for the delivery of health care and that medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals and communities.

Through its Traditional Medicine Programme, the World Health Organization WHO supports Member States in their efforts to formulate national policies on traditional medicine, to study the potential usefulness of traditional medicine including evaluation of practices and examination of the safety and efficacy of remedies, to upgrade the knowledge of traditional and modern health practitioners, as well as to educate and inform the general public about proven traditional health practices.

WHO is working closely with 19 Collaborating Centres in ten countries Belgium, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Romania, Sudan, United States of America and Vietnam. A genuine interest in various traditional practices now exists among practitioners of modern medicine and growing numbers of practitioners of traditional, indigenous or alternative systems are beginning to accept and use some of the modern technology.

This will help foster teamwork among all categories of health workers within the framework of primary health care. The reasons for the inclusion of traditional healers in primary health care are manifold: the healers know the sociocultural background of the people; they are highly respected and experienced in their work; economic considerations; the distances to be covered in some countries; the strength of traditional beliefs; the shortage of health professionals, particularly in rural areas, to name just a few.

A large proportion of the population in a number of developing countries still relies on traditional practitioners, including traditional birth attendants, herbalists and bone-setters and on local medicinal plants to satisfy their primary health care needs.

Traditional medicine has maintained its popularity in a number of Asian countries, such as China, India, Japan and Pakistan. In Japan, from to , there was a fold increase in Kampoh "Chinese method" medicinal preparations in comparison with only 2.

The Japanese per capita consumption of herbal medicine appears to be the highest in the world. View Indigenous determinants of health How does this affect care and outcomes? What this would mean for people in Canada The quality of healthcare provision is improved in a system that is culturally safe and inclusive of cultural practices such as traditional medicines for Indigenous Peoples.

References Redvers, N. Improving access to Indigenous medicine for patients in hospital-based settings: a challenge for health systems in northern Canada. Int J Circumpolar Health. Aboriginal traditional healing. It is the sum total of the knowledge, skill, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, whether explicable or not, used in the maintenance of health as well as in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.

Traditional, complementary and integrative medicine. X Enter search term Global site search input X Search button. It sucked up the pus real well. Although for a variety of reasons, white medicine is slowly eclipsing traditional medicine in the North, Inuit cures are still used, particularly in the camps and especially for frostbite and near-drowning, because Inuit do not like the way these are treated at the nursing stations.

No, I guess not, but it works! A large boat made of seal or walrus skin, usually sailed by women. Umiaqs were used for transporting dogs, tents and gear during moves from camp to camp. They could also be used for hunting. More info. home français inuktitut.

How does this affect care and outcomes?

Many are merely used as a result of tradition or habit or because they are effective in inducing the placebo effect. One of the more popular examples of a home remedy is the use of chicken soup to treat respiratory infections such as a cold or mild flu.

Other examples of home remedies include duct tape to help with setting broken bones; duct tape or superglue to treat plantar warts ; and Kogel mogel to treat sore throat.

In earlier times, mothers were entrusted with all but serious remedies. Historic cookbooks are frequently full of remedies for dyspepsia , fevers, and female complaints. In Chinese folk medicine, medicinal congees long-cooked rice soups with herbs , foods, and soups are part of treatment practices.

Although countries have regulations on folk medicines, there are risks associated with the use of them i. zoonosis , mainly as some traditional medicines still use animal-based substances [47] [48].

It is often assumed that because supposed medicines are natural that they are safe, but numerous precautions are associated with using herbal remedies.

Endangered animals, such as the slow loris , are sometimes killed to make traditional medicines. Shark fins have also been used in traditional medicine, and although their effectiveness has not been proven, it is hurting shark populations and their ecosystem.

The illegal ivory trade can partially be traced back to buyers of traditional Chinese medicine. Demand for ivory is a huge factor in the poaching of endangered species such as rhinos and elephants.

Pangolins are threatened by poaching for their meat and scales, which are used in traditional medicine. They are the most trafficked mammals in the world. North America. South America. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk. Read Edit View history. Tools Tools. What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Get shortened URL Download QR code Wikidata item.

Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Formalized folk medicine. Not to be confused with alternative medicine. General information.

Alternative medicine History Terminology Alternative veterinary medicine Quackery health fraud Rise of modern medicine Pseudoscience Antiscience Skepticism Scientific Therapeutic nihilism. Fringe medicine and science. Conspiracy theories. Alternative medical systems Mind—body intervention Biologically based therapy Manipulative methods Energy therapy.

Traditional medicine. African Muti Southern Africa Ayurveda Dosha MVAH Balneotherapy Brazilian Bush medicine Cambodian Chinese Blood stasis Chinese herbology Dit da Gua sha Gill plate trade Long gu Meridian Moxibustion Pressure point Qi San Jiao Tui na Zang-fu Chumash Curandero Faith healing Hilot Iranian Jamu Kayakalpa Kambo Japanese Korean Mien Shiang Mongolian Prophetic medicine Shamanism Shiatsu Siddha Sri Lankan Thai massage Tibetan Unani Vietnamese.

Adrenal fatigue Aerotoxic syndrome Candida hypersensitivity Chronic Lyme disease Electromagnetic hypersensitivity Heavy legs Leaky gut syndrome Multiple chemical sensitivity Wilson's temperature syndrome.

Further information: Medicine in ancient Greece and Medicine in ancient Rome. Further information: Medicine in medieval Islam and Medieval medicine of Western Europe. Main article: Bush medicine. Further information: Native American ethnobotany and Traditional Alaska Native medicine.

World Health Organization. Retrieved The World Health Organization. December Archived from the original on January 13, Retrieved 28 December History of Medicine: Sushruta — the Clinician — Teacher par Excellence PDF. National Informatics Centre.

Archived from the original PDF on Healing with plants in the American and Mexican West. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. ISBN The Illustrated herbal. London: Frances Lincoln. Hellenic Journal of Geosciences. Plural medical systems in the Horn of Africa: the legacy of "Sheikh" Hippocrates.

London: Kegan Paul International. In e Morales Ruiz Matas CA ed. Ciencias de la naturaleza en Al-Andalus : textos y estudios in Spanish. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. In Rashed, Roshdi; Morelon, Régis eds.

Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. Heart Views. Health Information and Libraries Journal.

doi : PMID International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care. S2CID Traditional medicine in Asia PDF. Archived from the original PDF on July 31, Retrieved 24 April In Prance G; Nesbitt M eds.

The Cultural history of plants. Arqueología Mexicana. Medicine Changes: late 19th to early 20th century. Nature's Medicine: Plants that Heal.

Washington, D. Fulcher, Robert M. Fulcher, Cathy Dubeansky, Pharmacology: Principles and Applications' ', Soto Elsevier Health Sciences, , p. Sociology of Health and Illness. Malaysian Journal of Science, 24 1. Indigenous Herbal Medicines: Tribal Formulations and Traditional Herbal Practices. Jaipur : Aavishkar Publishers.

The Lancet. Afro-Caribbean folk medicine. pp Archived from the original on October 14, Retrieved 7 May Aboriginal Art Online. Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 26 June The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

ISSN Alternative healing in American history : an encyclopedia from acupuncture to yoga. Santa Barbara, California. OCLC Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses INFLIBNET. Retrieved 7 April A balance and integrated use of traditional medicine with western medicine may provide effective relief for selected chronic pain conditions.

People with lived experience of pain and clinicians treating pain conditions should consider the effectiveness of the integrated interventions, safety, and cost-effectiveness based on sound and high-quality available evidence. As discussed in other factsheets, the decision to combine traditional medicine should be evidence-based, which includes the experience and expertise of the clinicians in using these therapies, and patient preferences in addition to available evidence.

Traditional medicine practice in East Asia mainly includes Traditional Chinese Medicine, Japanese Kampo-Medicine, and Korean Medicine. The Japanese Kampo-Medicine and Korean Medicine originated largely from Chinese Traditional Medicine and have well developed in combination with their own cultures and practices.

These traditional medicines in China, Japan, and Korea have common and similar elements. They mainly include herbal prescriptions, technical therapies including acupuncture, moxibustion, massage, naprapathy, cupping therapy, various forms of physical therapy, sports therapy e.

Chinese Tibetan medicine and Mongolian medicine have their own unique characteristics. Traditional medicine in East Asia has its complete systems of education, practice, research, and special training throughout the country.

For example, there are a total of 34 universities of Chinese Traditional Medicine and over 60 thousand major Chinese traditional medicine hospitals in mainland China. Clinical and basic research have shown the significant benefits of traditional medicine in musculoskeletal body pain for pain reduction and improvements in disability, muscle tension, flexibility, anxiety, and pain-causing disease treatment, among others [7,9,10].

South Asian traditional medicinal practices have a long history of over years. It can be argued that these traditional medicinal practices have helped to advance modern western medicine. Currently, South Asian traditional medicinal practices have undergone globalization and are frequently used in different parts of the world including the Western world [8].

South Asian medicines and therapies include Ayurveda, yoga, meditation, mindfulness, naturopathy, homeopathy, Sowa Rigpa, Siddha, Unani and different herbal medicines specific to different regions and cultures. Based on the types of therapies, they are delivered by yoga therapists, naturopaths, or homeopathic practitioners.

Some of these, such as meditation, yoga and mindfulness have been extensively studied and are frequently used for several chronic pain conditions, including but not limited to chronic low back pain, neck pain, fibromyalgia, headache, and arthritis [2,6]. These therapies are also delivered by physical therapists, psychotherapists, occupational therapists and other pain clinicians.

Mechanisms of action of herbal medicine, adverse events, and interactions with other herbal products and western medicines, nonetheless, are poorly understood [3].

More research is needed to understand this important information before implementing herbal products into patient care for pain management and health care in general. Traditional medicine practices in South East Asian region such as Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos Myanmar, Vietnam and the Philippines, are influenced by other Asian regions such as East Asian and South Asian regions [5].

These practices have evolved over the years, developed their own philosophy and have now been passed down to many generations. An example of South East Asian traditional medicine is Thai traditional medicine, which includes Thai herbal medicines and traditional Thai massage.

A systematic review of the literature on traditional Thai massage for musculoskeletal pain suggests that it is helpful in reducing pain and improving physical disability, muscle tension, flexibility and anxiety [4].

Currently, Thai traditional massage practiced by licensed practitioners has been considered a treatment and is covered by certain health benefit plans. Thai traditional medicine still has a major role in providing health care in Thai society. For example, Thailand currently allows the use of medicinal Cannabis and Kratom in medical practice.

Nevertheless, this practice to date is still controversial due to potential long-term harm and risk of abuse, which needs further investigation before integrating it into routine care [11]. Although we included traditional medicine from the Asian region only in this Factsheet, the local wisdom of traditional medicines is available in every culture and every region around the world.

These traditional medicine practices have been used for thousands of years and are increasingly globalized. While evidence for some of these are evolving, others need further developing and testing.

Complementary Traditional medicine practices alternative medicine Traditional medicine practices practices such as massage, Trwditional, tai chi, and drinking green tea. Complementary jedicine alternative medicine CAM is the term for medical products Tradiional practices Taditional are not mecicine of standard Metabolic syndrome risk assessment care. People with cancer may use CAM to. Integrative medicine is an approach to medical care that combines conventional medicine with CAM practices that have shown through science to be safe and effective. This approach often stresses the patient's preferences, and it attempts to address the mental, physical, and spiritual aspects of health. Conventional medicine is a system in which health professionals who hold an M. medical doctor or D. Traditional medicine practices

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